Open Posted By: highheaven1 Date: 06/05/2021 Graduate Dissertation & Thesis Writing


For your final project, you will construct a moral argument using the "Five Steps for Constructing Moral Arguments,"outlined in Chapter 2, and create a PowerPoint presentation  written narration.


1) Before you begin, re-read Ethics for Life, Chapter 2, pp. 47-51.

  • Be sure that you fully understand the "components" of an argument, and how to use those components in the “Five Steps for Constructing Moral Arguments,” all presented in these pages.


3) Construct a moral argument and create an oral presentation that includes  written narration.* (see the Detailed Instructions document regarding narration)


Category: Accounting & Finance Subjects: Behavioral Finance Deadline: 12 Hours Budget: $120 - $180 Pages: 2-3 Pages (Short Assignment)

Attachment 1

Six Ethical Dilemmas

Choose one of the following dilemmas for the basis of constructing a moral argument, and

reach one of the two listed conclusions.

1. Concentration Camp

You are an inmate in a concentration camp. A sadistic guard is about to hang your son who tried to

escape, and he orders you to pull the chair from underneath your son. He says that if you don’t, he will

not only kill your son, but he will kill some other innocent inmate, as well. You don’t have any doubt that

he means what he says.

Argue for one of the following two choices:

(a) Pull the chair.

(b) Don't pull the chair.

2. The Pregnant Woman

A pregnant woman leading a group of people out of a cave on a coast is stuck in the mouth of that cave.

In a short time, high tide will be upon them, and unless she is unstuck, they will all be drowned except

the woman, whose head is out of the cave. Fortunately, (or unfortunately,) someone has with him a

stick of dynamite. There seems no way to get the pregnant woman loose without using the dynamite

which will inevitably kill her; but if they do not use it, everyone will drown.

Argue for one of the following two choices:

(a) Use the dynamite and kill the pregnant woman, but save everyone else.

(b) Don't use the dynamite and let everyone drown.

3. The Baby

You, your baby, and your entire townspeople are being chased by this band of bad people who will kill

you all if they find you. All of you decide to hide in this secret place and are silently waiting for the bad

guys to move away. However, your baby begins to cry loudly, as the killers get approach. The killers WILL

hear the crying. Then, they will find you, your baby, and the townspeople and kill all of you.

Argue for one of the following two choices:

(a) Smother your baby, and save everyone else.

(b) Don't smother your baby, and everyone is killed.

4. Drug Bust

You are on holiday in Bali with your 18-year-old son and your spouse. You have been there for a week

and are ready to head home. All three of you are at the airport getting ready to board your plane, when

an armed officer comes around with a sniffer dog. You have all your bags on a trolley, and the dog sniffs

at both your wife and your bag, and passes over it, however when he gets to your son's bag, he indicates

that drugs have been found.

At first you feel angry that he would do such a thing and start planning your responsibility lecture, but

then you realize that you are in Bali, and they have a zero tolerance policy on drugs, meaning your son

could be jailed for life, or worse, executed, if he does have some illicit materials in his bag.

The officer looks at you and asks “Who’s bag is this?” You realize you must answer, but the answer

won’t be easy. You see that your spouse is about to step forward and claim the bag.

Argue for one of the following two choices:

(a) Let your spouse be arrested.

(b) Tell the officer that the bag belongs to your son.

5. The Hospital Ventilation

You are a doctor working in a small clinic when you learn that, due to an accident in the building next

door, there are deadly fumes beginning to circulate through the clinic’s ventilation system. In one room

of the clinic there are four patients. In another room, there is one patient. If you do nothing, the fumes

will reach both rooms containing patients and cause their deaths.

The only way to avoid any deaths is to hit a switch that will cause the fumes to bypass the room

containing the four patients. As a result of doing this, the fumes will enter the room containing the

single patient. If that is done, the single patient will die, but the other four patients will live.

Argue for one of the following two choices:

(a) You should hit the switch.

(b) You should not hit the switch.

6. The Life Boat

You are on a cruise ship when there is a fire on board, and the ship has to be abandoned. The lifeboats

are carrying many more people than they were designed to carry. The lifeboat you are sitting in is

dangerously low in the water – a few inches lower and it will sink. A group of old people are in the water

and beg you to throw them a rope so they can come aboard the lifeboat.

Argue for one of the following two choices:

(a) You should throw them the rope, knowing that everyone will drown.

(b) You should not throw the rope, knowing that all in the boat will probably be saved.

Attachment 2

Background – 15 points

15 to >11 pts (A to A-) The title slide includes your name, presentation title, and other important information and is formatted properly. The introduction presents the overall scenario and draws the audience into the presentation.

11 to >7.5 pts (B+ to B-) The title slide includes most of the required elements and is formatted correctly. The introduction is clear and coherent and relates to the scenario.

7.5 to >3.5 pts (C+ to C-) Title slide lists some of the required elements or it is not formatted properly. The introduction shows some structure but does not create a strong sense of the scenario chosen. May be overly detailed or incomplete and is somewhat appealing to the audience

3.5 to >0 pts (D+ to D-) Title slide is missing required elements and is not formatted correctly. The sequencing is unclear and does not appear interesting or relevant to the audience

0 pts (F) No slide included. No introduction of scenario.

Content – 50 points

50 to >36.66 pts (A to A-) All content is accurate throughout the presentation and information is presented in a logical order.

36.66 to >25 pts (B+ to B-) Most of the content is accurate but one piece of information may be inaccurate. Some information is not presented in a logical order but is still generally easy to follow.

25 to >11.66 pts (C+ to C-) Content is generally accurate but one piece of information is clearly flawed or inaccurate. Information is not presented in a logical order, making it difficult to follow.

11.66 to >0 pts (D+ to D-) Content is confusing or inaccurate. It is difficult to understand.

0 pts (F) Content is minimal and below expectation.

Narration – 40 points

40 to >29.33 pts (A to A-) Narration (aural or written) elaborates beyond the displayed material. Explanations enhance the visual presentation by adding interest and clarity. The student explains the critical thinking that led to the conclusions. If using audio, it is clear and understandable.

29.33 to >20 pts (B+ to B-) Narration elaborates beyond the material displayed. The narration is understandable and enhances visual material.

20 to >9.33 pts (C+ to C-) The student mostly reads what is shown on the screen but might interject some new information that enhances the visual presentation. If using audio, it is difficult to understand at times and/or is not loud enough to hear well.

9.33 to >0 pts (D+ to D-) Student simply reads the material displayed. Audio cannot be heard or understood most of the time. Or, if written, the narration does not enhance the information seen by the audience.

0 pts (F) Student does not include audio or written narration.

Layout – 25 points

25 to >18.33 pts (A to A-) The layout is visually pleasing and contributes to the overall message with appropriate use of headings, subheadings, and white space.

18.33 to >12.5 pts (B+ to B-) The layout uses horizontal and vertical white space appropriately.

12.5 to >5.83 pts (C+ to C-) The layout shows some structure but appears cluttered and busy or distracting with large gaps of white space or uses a distracting background.

5.83 to >0 pts (D+ to D-) The layout is cluttered, confusing, and does not use spacing, headings and subheadings to enhance the readability.

0 pts (F) Layout is nonexistent. Very few slides to cover the material presented.

Mechanics – 20 points

20 to >14.67 pts (A to A-) No spelling errors. No grammar errors. Text is in authors' own words.

14.67 to >10 pts (B+ to B-) 1-3 spelling or grammar errors, but errors do not affect readability or meaning. Text is in the author's own words.

10 to >4.67 pts (C+ to C-) 4-5 spelling/grammar errors and/or some errors affect readability and meaning. Text is in the author's own words.

4.67 to >0 pts (D+ to D-) 5-6 spelling/grammar errors. Or, errors affect understanding and readability. Most of the text is in the author's own words.

0 pts (F) More than 6 spelling/grammar errors and/or text is copied. Errors interfere with understanding or convey incorrect information.

Total Points: 150

Attachment 3

PHI 300, Ethics for Life Wilmington University

Detailed Instructions for Final Project: Construct and Present a Moral Argument

IMPORTANT! Before you begin, re-read Ethics for Life, Chapter 2, pp. 47-51.

• Be sure that you fully understand the "components" of an argument, and how to use those

components in the “Five Steps for Constructing Moral Arguments,” all explained in these pages.

For your final project, you will use those five steps to construct and present a narrated moral argument for

one scenario listed in the "Six Ethical Dilemmas" document (link in the Final Project assignment page). Use

PowerPoint or Prezi (IMPORTANT: Whether your narration is a voice recording or written, read the paragraph

at the bottom regarding narration.) *

Argue your points from the standpoint of a specific moral theory that we have studied. (You may or may not

agree with the theory you choose to use, but make the argument as if you do agree with that theory.) You may

even argue from a combination of moral theories, but you still must reach one unequivocal conclusion.

Minimum number of slides: 9

Use the following steps (as outlined in Chapter 2: Moral Reasoning):

Section 1: Background (2 slides) Title page (p. 1); Description of the scenario/moral dilemma (p. 2).

Section 2: Develop a list of at least four possible premises (1-4 slides) Make sure your facts are

accurate and do not rely on unsupported assumptions or opinions. Define ambiguous terms that you

might use throughout your argument. (If they fit, all premises can be listed on one slide.)

Section 3: Eliminate weak premises (1-2 slides) Eliminate any weak or irrelevant premises and say why

they have been eliminated. Do not make eliminations based on whether the premises mesh with your

particular opinion regarding moral issues. Rather, eliminate them on their own lack of merit: Are they

weak? Irrelevant? Do they use fallacies? Rhetoric? Emotive language? Be specific, and use the

appropriate terminology in your explanation.

Section 4: Come to a conclusion (1-2 slides) Make sure your conclusion is relevant and logical (it is

based directly on, and logically follows, the premises). Make sure that your conclusion is clear and

specific – not too broad or too narrow.

Section 5: Try your argument on others (1-2 slides) Practice arguing your point with at least two

people. Then, in these slides, identify important parts of your conversation (i.e., least and/or most

effective parts) and list relevant feedback that you may have received.

Section 6: Revise your argument (1-2 slides) Based on further reflection and on the feedback, revise (if

necessary) and say why you revised it. Then, restate your argument (premises and conclusion) If you

did not revise your argument, say why not.

Section 7: Reference page. Also, include in-text citations if needed. (1 slide)

* Remember that this is a presentation with slides for visual aids. In a presentation, the presenter doesn't

put every word of the script in the slides. Rather, use bullet points, graphics etc. to show your main points,

but fill in your visual information with narration – just as you would in an in-person presentation. In other

words, do not fill up each slide with verbiage and then simply read it aloud – or expect the audience to read

too much. Either use audio narration, or place your written narration in the "notes" sections of the slides.