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Information paper

Open Posted By: highheaven1 Date: 11/09/2020 Graduate Report Writing
Must read ALL INSTRUCTIONS & ATTACHMENTS.
Category: Arts & Education Subjects: English literature Deadline: 12 Hours Budget: $120 - $180 Pages: 2-3 Pages (Short Assignment)

Attachment 1

Army Design Methodology

SENIOR LEADER COURSE

ARMY MEDICINE STARTS HERE

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

U.S. Army Medical Center of Excellence

1

Terminal Learning Objective

Action: Employ Army Design Methodology

Conditions: As a leader, using an organizational-level leadership perspective in a DL learning environment, given references, complex scenarios, practical exercises, and discussions.

Standards: IAW FM 6-0 Commander and Staff Organization and Operations, ADP 5-0 The Operations Process, ATP 5-0.1

SENIOR LEADER COURSE

ARMY MEDICINE STARTS HERE

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

U.S. Army Medical Center of Excellence

2

Overview

ADM includes interconnected thinking activities that aid in conceptual planning and decisionmaking.

Army Leaders employ and integrate three methodologies (Army Design Methodology, The Military Decision-making Process, and Troop Leading Procedures) throughout an operation in order to produce an effective means of planning.

SENIOR LEADER COURSE

ARMY MEDICINE STARTS HERE

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

U.S. Army Medical Center of Excellence

The Army design methodology (ADM) is a methodology for applying critical and creative thinking to understand, visualize, and describe unfamiliar problems and approaches to solving them.

Commanders and staffs determine the appropriate mix of these methodologies based on the scope of the problem, their familiarity with it, the time available, and the availability of a staff.

3

Planning

Define Planning

Planning results in a plan or order

Planning has a conceptual component and a detailed component

SENIOR LEADER COURSE

ARMY MEDICINE STARTS HERE

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

U.S. Army Medical Center of Excellence

Planning is the art and science of understanding a situation, envisioning a desired future, and laying out effective ways of bringing that future about.

A product of planning is a plan or order- a directive for future action. It guides subordinates as they progress through each phase of the operation

***In the following slide, we will outline the difference between conceptual and detailed planning

4

Planning Components

SENIOR LEADER COURSE

ARMY MEDICINE STARTS HERE

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

U.S. Army Medical Center of Excellence

Planning has a conceptual component and a detailed component. Effective planning requires integrating the conceptual and detailed components by means of implementing the planning methodologies.

Conceptual planning involves understanding operational environments and problems, determining the operation’s end state, and visualizing an operational approach to attain that end state. Conceptual planning corresponds to the art of command and is the focus of the commander with staff support.

Detailed planning translates the commander’s operational approach into a complete and practical plan. Generally, detailed planning is associated with the science of control including synchronizing forces in time, space, and purpose to accomplish missions. Detailed planning works out the scheduling, coordination, or technical problems involved with moving, sustaining, and synchronizing the actions of the force toward the desired end state.

5

Integrated Planning

SENIOR LEADER COURSE

ARMY MEDICINE STARTS HERE

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

U.S. Army Medical Center of Excellence

This figure shows a balance of conceptual and detailed planning efforts throughout an operation to illustrate the relationship of Army Design Methodology and the Military Decision Making Process.

In this example, the balance of activities is initially on conceptual planning. The commander and planning team frame the operational environment and associated problems and develop an operational approach. The planning emphasis shifts to more detailed planning using the MDMP after the commander issues the initial commander’s intent and planning guidance based on their understanding and visualization developed during ADM.

6

Key Concepts

Key concepts that underline the Army design methodology include:

Operational art

Critical and creative thinking

Collaboration and dialogue

Framing

Narrative construction

Visual modeling

SENIOR LEADER COURSE

ARMY MEDICINE STARTS HERE

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

U.S. Army Medical Center of Excellence

Operational art is the cognitive approach by commanders and staffs—supported by their skill, knowledge, experience, creativity, and judgment—to develop strategies, campaigns, and operations to organize and employ military forces by integrating ends, ways, and means (JP 3-0).

Critical thinking is key to understanding situations, identifying problems, finding causes, arriving at justifiable conclusions, making quality plans, and assessing the progress of operations. Creative thinking involves creating something new or original. Often leaders face unfamiliar problems or old problems requiring new solutions. Creative thinking leads to new insights, novel approaches, fresh perspectives, and new ways of understanding and conceiving things. Leaders look at different options to solve problems by using adaptive approaches (drawing from previous similar circumstances) or innovative approaches (coming up with completely new ideas). In both instances, leaders use creative thinking to apply imagination and depart from the old way of doing things.

Through collaboration and dialogue, the commander creates a learning environment by allowing participants to think critically and creatively and share their ideas, opinions, and recommendations without fear of retribution. Effective dialogue requires candor and a free, yet mutually respectful, competition of ideas. Participants must feel free to make viewpoints based on their expertise, experience, and insight; this includes sharing ideas that contradict the opinions held by those of higher rank. Successful commanders willingly listen to novel ideas and counterarguments concerning any problem.

Framing facilitates constructing hypotheses, or modeling, that focuses on the part of an operational environment or problem under consideration. Framing provides a perspective from which commanders and staffs can understand and act on a problem.

When developing a narrative, the team must be cautious of a common pitfall known as “narrative fallacy.” The narrative fallacy is a tendency of individuals to create a plausible narrative given only a small amount of information. Often, the fewer facts known about a situation, the easier it is to create a narrative, and individuals have greater confidence in the accuracy of that narrative. To avoid the narrative fallacy, it is important that the planning team studies and researches the situation in depth before engaging in narrative construction.

Army design methodology relies heavily on forming and presenting ideas in both narrative and visual (graphic) form. Visual information tends to be stimulating; therefore, creativity can be enhanced by using visual models and constructs. The complexity of some problems sometimes requires creating a visual model of the problem.

7

Framing Operational Environments

Define operational environment

Operational variables

What is framing

SENIOR LEADER COURSE

ARMY MEDICINE STARTS HERE

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

U.S. Army Medical Center of Excellence

Operational Environment

An operational environment is a composite of the conditions, circumstances, and influences that affect the employment of capabilities and bear on the decisions of the commander. An operational environment is not static but evolves and redefines itself in potentially unpredictable ways. The commander and planning team understand the current state and visualize a desired future state of an operational environment.

Operational Variables

The eight interrelated operational variables are political, military, economic, social, information, infrastructure, physical environment, and time (PMESII-PT).

Framing

Framing involves selecting, organizing, interpreting, and making sense of interrelated variables and relevant actors in an operational environment.

8

Framing Problems

Define a problem

Types of problems

SENIOR LEADER COURSE

ARMY MEDICINE STARTS HERE

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

U.S. Army Medical Center of Excellence

Problem

A problem is an issue or obstacle that makes it difficult to achieve a desired goal or objective. In a broad sense, a problem exists when an individual notices a difference between the current state and desired end state.

Types of Problems

Well-structured problems are easy to identify because required information is available. In addition, known methods (for example a math formula) are available to solve these types of problems. (problem is self-evident/ available and verifiable solutions).

Medium-structured problems are more interactively complex than well-structured problems. For example, a field manual describes how a combined arms battalion performs a defense, but it offers no single solution that applies to all circumstances.

Ill-structured problems are complex, nonlinear, and dynamic. These problems are the most challenging to understand and solve.

9

Framing Solutions

Operational approach

Line of operations

Line of effort

SENIOR LEADER COURSE

ARMY MEDICINE STARTS HERE

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

U.S. Army Medical Center of Excellence

Once commanders and planners agree on the problem or set of problems, they develop ways to address them. They do this by developing an operational approach—a description of the broad actions the force must take to transform current conditions into those desired at end state.

A line of operations is a line that defines the directional orientation of a force in time and space in relation to the enemy and that links the force with its base of operations and objectives

A line of effort is a line that links multiple tasks using the logic of purpose rather than geographical reference to focus efforts toward establishing operational and strategic conditions

Commanders use lines of operations and lines of effort to connect objectives to a central, unifying purpose. The difference between lines of operations and lines of effort is that lines of operations are oriented on physical linkages while lines of effort are oriented on logical linkages.

10

Assessment and Reframing

Assessment

Monitoring

Evaluating

Reframing

SENIOR LEADER COURSE

ARMY MEDICINE STARTS HERE

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

U.S. Army Medical Center of Excellence

Assessment is the determination of the progress toward accomplishing a task, creating a condition, or achieving an objective. Assessment involves comparing forecasted outcomes with events to determine the effectiveness of force employment. More specifically, assessment helps the commander determine progress toward attaining desired end state conditions, achieving objectives, and accomplishing tasks. Assessment involves monitoring and evaluating the operational environment to determine what changes affect operations.

Monitoring is continuous observation of those conditions relevant to the current operation (ADRP 5-0). Monitoring in the assessment process allows staffs to collect relevant information, specifically that information about the current situation to compare to the forecasted situation described in the commander’s intent and concept of operations. Commanders cannot judge progress or make effective decisions without an accurate understanding of the current situation.

Evaluating is using criteria to judge progress toward desired conditions and determining why the current degree of progress exists. Evaluation is at the heart of the assessment process where most of the analysis occurs. Evaluation helps commanders determine what works and what does not work. It also helps them gain insights into how to accomplish the mission.

A reframe is a shift in understanding that leads to a new perspective on the problem or its resolution. Reframing is the activity of revisiting earlier hypotheses, conclusions, and decisions that underpin the current operational approach. In essence, reframing reviews what the commander and staff believe they understand about the operational environment, the problem, and the desired end state.

11

Questions

SENIOR LEADER COURSE

ARMY MEDICINE STARTS HERE

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED

U.S. Army Medical Center of Excellence

12

Attachment 2

ARMY DESIGN METHODOLOGY INFORMATION PAPER

Purpose An Information Paper is used to provide the reader pertinent facts in a clear and concise format. IAW TRADOC Regulation 1-11 write an Information Paper.

Topic

In your own words, define Army Design Methodology and explain when to employ it. Elaborate by providing facts on how to apply it.

Resource Requirements

Army Design Methodology Lesson ATP 5-0.1 TRADOC Regulation (TR) 1-11, Chapter 3-6

Expectations

1. Using a MS Word document, write an Information Paper on the topic above. Your paper must: -be a maximum of one full page -follow the formatting guidelines in TR 1-11 -follow rules of grammar, spelling, and punctuation (run a spelling and grammar check before submission) -use NCOA-DL for the office symbol 2. Upload and submit your Information Paper as a MS Word document for grading in blackboard. Verify that you have uploaded the correct document before clicking submit. Only one attempt is authorized for this assignment.

*This assignment will be evaluated on the expectations above and the rubric

criteria*