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Need Paper for Psychology 100

Open Posted By: highheaven1 Date: 25/04/2021 Graduate Assignment Writing

Need a Stress/Health Profile paper

-  3 to 5 pages double spaced 

-  Must include textbook and at least one peer-reviewed journal article as references (Instructions on how to access both will be provided) 

-  In text citations and references should be documented in APA format 


-  I have included two documents to guide you through and facilitate your work
 

Category: Engineering & Sciences Subjects: Chemistry Deadline: 12 Hours Budget: $120 - $180 Pages: 2-3 Pages (Short Assignment)

Attachment 1

PSY 100 Get Off Your Computer Assignment #1

Applying Psychology to Your Life: Developing your

Stress/Health Profile

As noted in your text, chronic stress (long-term reactions to stressors) and daily hassles can be damaging to your physical and

psychological health. No one can avoid stress. However, there are a number of factors that can either contribute to becoming

overwhelmed by stress or to flourishing in spite of it. For example, having a sense of control, social support, relaxation, and a

sense of meaning can all contribute to effectively combating the effects of stress.

In this exercise, you will complete a number of scales to help you determine your stress level, how you respond to and cope with

stress, and resources you have to combat stress. You will use the results of these scales to develop your personal stress profile. To

make the exercise more fun, you might want to have you partner, spouse, or friend complete the scales too. That way you can

compare your stress profiles.

WHAT YOU MUST DO TO CREATE YOUR PROFILE

• Print, complete, and score the following scales. Do NOT READ HOW TO SCORE A SCALE UNTIL AFTER YOU

HAVE COMPLETED IT.

• Stressed Out

• Susceptibility to Stress (SUS)

• Response to Stress Scale

• Are you a Type A or Type B?

• Coping with Stress

• Multidimensional Health Locus of Control

• Locus of Control

• Life Orientation Test

B. Identify at Least 5 of Your Personal Stressors and 5 Daily Hassles

My Stressors

1. Music Career

2. College

3. Mantaining Weight Standards

4. Religion

5. Fatherhood

My Daily Hassles

1. Financial

2. Future Security

3. Inner Concern

4. Mental Health

5. Acceptance

C. Using the information gathered in A and B, write a 3-5 page self-reflection paper that includes the following sections:

1. Discuss your scores on each of the above scales and write a couple of brief statements about what that score means for you.

Were you surprised by the score(s)? Did the results of the scales resonate with your perception of your stress level?

2. Incorporating information from your text and other academic sources, provide a summary of your stressors and life hassles.

3. Incorporating information from your text and other academic sources, provide a summary of what you might do to reduce your

stress.

4. Discuss the issue of personal stress as it relates to psychological well-being. Relate your own results and thoughts about your

experience with these scales to the information provided in the text and other academic sources.

Paper Guidelines and Rubric

• Your paper MUST have all 4 sections described in part C of the assignment

• You must include your textbook and at least one peer-reviewed journal article as references

• In-text citations and references should be documented in APA format

• Paper should be 3-5 pages double spaced

Scale #1 Stressed Out?

This scale will assess your general level of stress.

Indicate your degree of agreement with each statement by placing a number in the blank before it. Use the following scale.

4 = very often

3 = fairly often

2 = sometimes

1 = almost never

0 = never

__4__ 1. How often have you been upset because of something that happened unexpectedly?

__4__ 2. How often have you felt that you were unable to control the important things in your life?

___4_ 3. How often have you felt nervous and “stressed”?

__3__ 4. How often have you felt confident about your ability to handle your personal problems?

__2__ 5. How often have you felt that things were going your way?

__2__ 6. How often have you been able to control irritations in your life?

__2__ 7. How often have you found that you could not cope with all the things that you had to do?

__3__ 8. How often have you felt that you were on top of things?

__4__ 9. How often have you been angered because of things that were outside your control?

__4__ 10. How often have you felt difficulties were piling up so high that you could not overcome them?

In obtaining your total score, use the following scale to reverse the number you placed before items 4, 5, 6, and 8: 4 = 0, 3 = 1, 2 = 2, 1 = 3, and 0

= 4. Then, add the numbers in front of all 10 items.

How You Measure Up

Stress levels vary among individuals-compare your total score to the averages below:

AGE GENDER MARITAL STATUS

18-29….14.2 Men 12.1 Widowed 12.6

30-44 13.0 Women 13.7 Married or living with 12.4

45-54 12.6 Single or never wed 14.1

55-64 11.9 Divorced 14.7

65-over 12.0 Separated 16.6

Scale # 2 Susceptibility to Stress (SUS)

How susceptible you are to stress depends upon a mix of your health behaviors, lifestyle, and resources for coping with stres s. This test will help

you determine your level of susceptibility and the factors that contribute to it. Fill in 1 (ALMOST ALWAYS) to 5 (NEVER) according to how

much of the time an item is true of you.

_1__ 1. I eat at least one hot, balanced meal a day.

__3_ 2. I get 7-8 hours sleep at least 4 nights a week.

_3__ 3. I give and receive affection regularly.

_1_ 4. I have at least one relative within 50 miles on whom I can rely.

__1_ 5. I exercise to the point of perspiration at least twice a week.

_1 6. I avoid tobacco use (cigarettes, pipe, cigars, snuff, chewing tobacco).

_3_ 7. I consume fewer than 5 alcoholic drinks per week.

3 8. I am the appropriate weight for my height.

__1_ 9. I have an income adequate to meet basic expenses.

_1__. 10. I get strength from my religious beliefs.

_2__ 11. I regularly attend club or social activities.

_1_ 12. I have a network of friends and acquaintances.

_1_ 13. I have one or more friends to confide in about personal matters.

_1__ 14. I am in good health (including eyesight, hearing, teeth).

_1__ 15. I am able to speak openly about my feelings when angry or worried.

_1__ 16. I have regular conversations with the people I live with about domestic problems (e.g., chores, money, and daily living issues).

_1_ 17. I do something for fun at least once a week.

_2_ 18. I am able to organize my time effectively.

___1 19 I drink fewer than 3 cups of coffee (or tea or cola drinks) per day.

__1_ 20. I take quiet time for myself during the day.

3_ 21. I have an optimistic outlook on life.

Source: Susceptibility to Stress scale from the Stress Audit, version 5.0-OS, developed by Lyle H. Miller and Alma Dell Smite. Copyright 1987, 1994 Biobehavioral Institute of

Boston.

Scoring: To obtain your total score, simply add the numbers you placed in front of the 21 items, and subtract 21. Any number over 32 indicates

susceptibility to stress. A total score between 52 and 77 suggests serious susceptibility, and over 77 means extreme suscepti bility.

Scale 3# Response to Stress

Indicate how often each of the following happens to you, either when you are experiencing stress or following exposure to a

significant stressor. Use the following scale:

0 = never

1 = once a year

2 = every few months

3 = every few weeks

4 = once or more each week

5 = daily

Cardiovascular symptoms Skin symptoms

_5__ Heart pounding _0__ Acne

_5__ Heart racking or beating erratically _0__ Excessive dryness of skin or hair

_5__ Cold, sweaty hands __0_ Dandruff

__1_ Headaches _0__ Perspiration

_16__ Subtotal _0__ Subtotal

Respiratory symptoms Immunity symptoms

__5_ Rapid, erratic, or shallow breathing _0__ Allergy flare-up

_5__ Shortness of breath ___ Catching colds

_0__ Asthma attack _0__ Catching the flu

_3__ Difficulty in speaking because of poor breathing _0__ Skin rash

_13__ Subtotal _0__ Subtotal

Gastrointestinal symptoms Metabolic symptoms

_3__ Upset stomach, nausea, or vomiting _3__ Increased appetite

_2__ Constipation _4__ Increased craving for tobacco or sweets

__2_ Diarrhea _4__ Thoughts racing or difficulty sleeping

1_ Sharp abdominal pains _4__ Feelings of crawling or nervousness

___ Subtotal _15__ Subtotal

Muscular symptoms ___ Overall symptomatic total (add all

_1__ Headaches (steady pain) seven subtotals)

_3__ Back or shoulder pains

_5__ Muscle tremors or hands shaking

_0__ Arthritis

_9__ Subtotal

Source: Allen, R., & Hyde, D. (1980). Investigations in stress control, Burgess Publishing, Minn.

Score: Total scores between 0 and 35 indicate a low level of physical stress symptoms and little danger to long-tem physical

health. Scores between 36 and 75 are judged to be average and are associated with an increased likelihood of

phychophysiological illness. However, there may be no immediate threat to physical health. Scores between 76 and 140 suggest

excessive physical stress symptoms; respondents with such high scores should probably take deliberate action to reduce their

level of stress and thus to ward off the possibility of psychophysiological disorder.

Scale # 4: Are You a Type A or a Type B?

You can get a general idea of which personality type you more closely resemble by responding to the following statements.

Reach each statement and circle one of the numbers that follow it, depending on whether the statement is definitely true for you,

mostly true, mostly false, or definitely false. Scoring is explained below.

1 = definitely true 2 = mostly true 3 = mostly false 4 = definitely false

1. I am more restless and fidgety than most people. 1 2 3 4

2. In comparison with most people I know, I’m not very involved in my work. 1 2 3 4

3. I ordinarily work quickly and energetically. 1 2 3 4

4. I rarely have trouble finishing my work. 1 2 3 4

5. I hate giving up before I’m absolutely sure I’m licked. 1 2 3 4

6. I am rather deliberate in telephone conversations. 1 2 3 4

7. I am often in a hurry. 1 2 3 4

8. I am somewhat relaxed about my work. 1 2 3 4

9. My achievements are considered to be significantly higher than those of

most people I know.

10. Tailgating bothers me more than a car in front slowing me up. 1 2 3 4

11. In conversation, I often gesture with hands and head. 1 2 3 4

12. In rarely drive a car too fast. 1 2 3 4

13. I prefer work in which I can move around. 1 2 3 4

14. People consider me to be rather quiet. 1 2 3 4

15. Sometimes I think I shouldn’t work so hard, but something drives me. 1 2 3 4

16. I usually speak more softly than most people. 1 2 3 4

17. My handwriting is rather fast. 1 2 3 4

18. I often work slowly and deliberately. 1 2 3 4

19. I thrive on challenging situations. The more challenges I have the better. 1 2 3 4

20. I prefer to linger over a meal and enjoy it. 1 2 3 4

21. I like to drive a car rather fast when there is not speed limit. 1 2 3 4

22. I like work that is not too challenging. 1 2 3 4

23. In general, I approach my work more seriously than most people I know. 1 2 3 4

24. I talk more slowly than most people. 1 2 3 4

25. I’ve often been asked to be an officer of some group or groups. 1 2 3 4

26. I often let a problem work itself out by waiting. 1 2 3 4

27. I often try to persuade others to my point of view. 1 2 3 4

28. I generally walk more slowly than most people. 1 2 3 4

29. I eat rapidly even when there is plenty of time. 1 2 3 4

30. I usually work fast. 1 2 3 4

31. I get very impatient when I’m behind a slow driver and can’t pass. 1 2 3 4

32. It makes me mad when I see people not living up to their potential. 1 2 3 4

33. I enjoy being around children. 1 2 3 4

34. I prefer walking to jogging. 1 2 3 4

35. When I’m in the express line at the supermarket, I count the number of

items the person ahead of me has and comment if it’s over the limit. 1 2 3 4

36. I enjoy reading for pleasure. 1 2 3 4

37. I have high standards for myself and others. 1 2 3 4

38. I like hanging around talking to my friends. 1 2 3 4

39. I often feel that others are taking advantage of me or being inconsiderate. 1 2 3 4

40. If someone is in a hurry, I don’t mind letting her or her go ahead of me. 1 2 3 4.

Scoring:

For each statement, two numbers represent Type A answers and two numbers represent Type B answers. Use the scoring sheet to determine how

many TYPE A and Type B answers you gave. For example, if you circled 1, definitely true, for the first statement, you chose a Type A answer.

Add up all your Type A answers and give yourself plus 1 point for each of them. Add up all of your Type B answers and give yourself minus 1

point for them.

1. 1, 2 + A; 3, 4 = B 11. 1, 2, = A; 3, 4 = B 21. 1, 2 = A; 3, 4 = B 31. 1, 2 =A; 3, 4 = B

2. 1, 2 = B; 3, 4 = A 12. 1, 2 = B; 3, 4 = A 22. 1, 2 = B; 3, 4 =A 32. 1, 2 = A; 3, 4 = B

3. 1, 2 = A; 3, 4 = B 13. 1, 2 = A; 3, 4 = B 23. 1, 2 = A; 3, 4 = B 33. 1, 2 = B; 3, 4 = A

4. 1, 2 = B; 3, 4 = A 14. 1, 2 = B; 3, 4 = A 24. 1, 2 = B; 3, 4 = A 34. 1, 2, = B; 3, 4 = A

5. 1, 2, = A; 3, 4 = B 15. 1, 2 = A; 3, 4 = B 25. 1, 2 = A; 3, 4 = B 35. 1, 2 = A; 3, 4 = B

6. 1, 2 = B; 3, 4 = A 16. 1, 2 = B; 3, 4 = A 26. 1, 2 = B; 3, 4 = A 36. 1, 2 = B; 3, 4 = A

7. 1, 2 = A; 3, 4 = B 17. 1, 2 = A; 3, 4 = B 27. 1, 2 = A; 3, 4 = B 37. 1, 2 = A; 3, 4 = B

8. 1, 2 = B; 3, 4 = A 18. 1, 2 = B; 3, 4 = A 28. 1, 2 = B; 3, 4 = A 38. 1, 2 = B; 3, 4 = A

9. 1, 2 = A; 3, 4 = B 19. 1, 2 = A; 3, 4 = B 29. 1, 2 = A, 3, 4 = B 39 1, 2 = A; 3, 4 = B

10.1, 2 = B; 3, 4 = A 20. 1, 2 = B; 3, 4 = A 30. 1, 2 = A; 3, 4 = B 40. 1, 2 = B; 3, 4 = A

Total number of Type A answers: _____x 1 point each = ______

Total number of Type B answers: _____x -1 point each = ______

Total score (add lines above) ______

Determine your personality type based on your total score:

+ 20 to + 40 = Definite A

+1 to + 19 = Moderate A

0 to – 19 = Moderate B

-20 to -40 = Definite B

Source: Insel, P.M., & Roth, W. T. (1998). Wellness Worksheets to accompany Core Concepts in Health, 8/e. Worksheet #10. Copyright 1998

Mayfield Publishing Company.

Scale # 5: Coping with Stress

Different people use different strategies for coping with stress. Some strategies are clearly problem-focused, some are emotion-

focused, and some are avoidance-focused. This scale will help you to identify which strategy you tend to use most often.

Take few minutes to identify the most important problem you have faced during the last year. Then, using the scale below,

indicate how often you used each of the following strategies to deal with it.

0 = Not at all 1 = A little 2 = Occasionally 3 = Fairly often

_1__ 1. Took things a day at a time.

_2__ 2. Got away from things for a while.

_3__ 3. Tried to find out more about the situation.

_3__ 4. Tried to reduce tension by drinking more.

_2__ 5. Talked with a professional person (e.g., doctor, lawyer, clergy).

_3__ 6. Made a promise to myself that things would be different next time.

_3__ 7. Prepared for the worst.

_3__ 8. Let my feeling out somehow.

_1__9. Took it out on other people when I felt angry or depressed.

_3_ 10. Prayed for guidance and/or strength.

_3_ 11. Accepted it; nothing could be done.

_3_ 12. Talked with spouse or another relative about the problem.

_3_ 13. Talked with a friend about the problem.

_3_ 14. Tried to reduce tension by taking more tranquilizing drugs.

_2_ 15. Told myself things that helped me feel better.

1__ 16. Kept my feelings to myself.

_3_ 17. Bargained or compromised to get something positive from the situation.

_3_ 18. Tried to reduce tension by exercising more.

_3_ 19. Tried to reduce tension by smoking more.

_2_ 20. Tried to see the positive side of the situation.

_1_ 21. Considered several alternatives for handling the problem.

_1_ 22. Made a plan of action and followed it.

_3_ 23. Went over the situation in my mind to try to understand it.

_3_ 24. Tried to reduce tension by eating more.

_3_ 25. Got busy with other things to keep my mind off the problem.

_3_ 26. Drew on my past experiences.

_2_ 27. Avoided being with people in general.

_1_ 28. I knew what had to be done and tried harder to make things work.

_1_ 29. Tried to step back from the situation and be more objective.

_1_ 30. Refused to believe that it happened.

_3_ 31. Sought help from persons or groups with similar experiences.

_3_ 32. Tried not to act too hastily or follow my first hunch.

Source: Holahan, C., & Moos, R. (1987). Personal and contextual determinants of coping strategies. Journal of Personality and

Social Psychology, 52, 946-955.

Coping Strategies: You can calculate your average score for each subscale to determine what strategy you tend to use more.

Active-cognitive (active efforts to construct thoughts to help cope with the problems): items 1, 6, 7, 10, 11, 15, 20, 21, 23, 26,

and 29. Add the scores for these items to get a total.

Active-behavioral (active efforts to change the situation): items 2, 3, 5, 8, 12, 13, 17, 18, 22, 25, 28, 31, and 32. Add the scores

for these items to get a total.

Avoidance (trying to keep the problem out of awareness: items 4, 9, 14, 16, 19, 24, 27, and 30. Add the scores for these items to

get a total.

Calculate your average on each subscale by dividing your total by the number of items on that scale (i.e. cognitive = total/11 =

your average; behavioral = total/13 = your average; avoidance = total/8 = your average)

Scale # 6: Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scales

Indicate your degree of agreement with each statement by placing a number in the blank before it. Use the following scale.

6 = strongly agree

5 = moderately agree

4 = slightly agree

3 = slightly disagree

2 = moderately disagree

1 = strongly disagree

_6__ 1. If I get sick, it is my own behavior that determines how soon I get well.

__6_ 2. I am in control of my health.

__6_ 3. When I get sick, I am to blame.

___ 4. The main thing that affects my health is what I myself do.

___ 5. It I take care of myself, I can avoid illness.

___ 6. If I take the right actions, I can stay healthy.

___ TOTAL

___ 7. Having regular contact with my physician is the best way for me to avoid illness.

___ 8. Whenever I don’t feel well, I should consult a medically trained professional.

___ 9. My family has a lot to do with my becoming sick or staying healthy.

___ 10. Health professionals control my health.

___ 11. When I recover from an illness, it’s usually because other people (e.g., doctors,

nurses, family, and friends) have been taking good care of me.

___12. Regarding my health, I can only do what my doctor tells me to do.

___ TOTAL

___ 13. No matter what I do, if I am going to get sick, I will get sick.

___ 14. Most things that affect my health happen to me by accident.

___ 15. Luck plays a big part in determining how soon I will recover from an illness.

___ 16. My good health is largely a matter of good fortune.

___ 17. No matter what I do, I’m likely to get sick.

___ 18 If it’s meant to be, I will stay healthy.

___ TOTAL

Source: Wallston, K., & DeVellis, R. Development of the multidimensional health locus of control scales. Health Education and

Behavior, 6, 160-179.

The first six items measure internal health locus of control (one feels personal control over his or her health), items 7 through 12

asses “powerful others” health locus of control (for example, physicians may control one’s health), and the last six items measure

chance health locus of control (health is due to fate, luck, or chance).

You simply add the numbers in the blanks. Scores between 23 and 30 on any subscale indicate strong support of that dimension.

Scores between 15 and 22 reflect moderate support; scores between 6 and 14 suggest low support.

Scale # 7: Locus of Control

This scale measures one’s sense of control in personal achievement situations.

Indicate the extent to which each of the following statements applies to you. Use the following scale:

1 = disagree strongly

2 = disagree

3 = disagree slightly

4 = neither agree nor disagree

5 = agree slightly

6 = agree

7 = agree strongly

___ 1. When I get what I want, it’s usually because I worked hard for it.

___ 2. When I make plans, I am almost certain to make them work.

___ 3. I prefer games involving some luck over games requiring pure skill.

___ 4. I can learn almost anything if I set my mind to it.

___ 5. My major accomplishments are entirely due to my hard work and ability.

___ 6. I usually don’t set goals because I have a hard time following through on them.

___ 7. Competition discourages excellence.

___ 8. Often people get ahead just by being lucky.

___ 9. On any sort of exam or competition, I like to know how well I do relative to

everyone else.

___ 10. It’s pointless to keep working on something that’s too difficult for me.

Source: Paulhus, D. (1983). Sphere-specific measures of perceived control. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44,

1253-1265.

Scoring: Reverse the numbers you placed before statements 3, 6, 7, 8, and 10 (i.e., 1 = 7, 2 ==6, 3 = 5, 5 = 3, 6 = 2, 7 = 1). Then

add the numbers in front of all items.

The average for college males on this scale = 51.8 and for females = 52.2. The higher the score, the greater the sense of an

internal locus of control.

Scale # 8: Scheier & Carver’s Life Orientation Test

This scale assesses a person’s optimism, or more specifically, a person’s expectations regarding the favorability of future

outcomes.

Indicate the extent to which you agree with each of the following statements using the following response scale:

0 = strongly disagree

1 = disagree

2 = neutral

3 = agree

4 = strongly agree

Place the appropriate number in the blank before each item.

___ 1. In uncertain times, I usually expect the best.

___ 2. It’s easy for me to relax.

___ 3. If something can go wrong for me, it will.

___ 4. I always look on the bright side of thinks.

___ 5. I’m always optimistic about my future.

___ 6. I enjoy my friends a lot.

___ 7. It’s important for me to keep busy.

___ 8. I hardly ever expect things to go my way.

___ 9. Things never work out the way I want them to.

___ 10. I don’t get upset too easily.

___ 11. I’m a believer in the idea that “every cloud has a silver lining.”

___ 12. I rarely count on good things happening to me.

Source: Scheier, M.F., et al. (1985). Scheier & Carver’s Live Orientation Test. Health Psychology, 4 219-247.

Scoring: First reverse your responses on items 3, 8, 9, and 12 (0 = 4, 1 = 3, 2 =2, 3 = 1, 4 = 0) and then add up the total responses

for items 1, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 11, and 12 to obtain a final score (items 2, 6, 7, and 10 are filler items). Scores can range from 0 to 32,

with higher scores reflecting greater optimism. The mean score is approximately 21.