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Topographic Maps

Open Posted By: ahmad8858 Date: 26/02/2021 Graduate Assignment Writing

HW5:Topographic Maps

Learning Goals: 

  • Explain how elevation is described on a topographic map with contour lines
  • Estimate the elevation of any point on a topographic map
  • Identify areas that are steeply sloped or gently sloped on a topographic map
  • Identify the shape of land forms on a topographic map, including whether slopes are concave-up or concave-down
  • Use the Rule of Vs on a topographic map to determine the direction a river is flowing
  • Determine the gradient of a stream or other linear feature on a topographic map
  • Use the map scale to infer distances on a topographic map 
  • Identify the latitude and longitude of the corners on a topographic map
  • Describe what is meant by a "7.5 minute" topographic map
  • Describe the relationship between map scale and map detail
  • Describe how to find adjoining maps from a topographic map
Category: Engineering & Sciences Subjects: Electrical Engineering Deadline: 12 Hours Budget: $120 - $180 Pages: 2-3 Pages (Short Assignment)

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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR U. S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

WYOMING

ADJOINING 7.5' QUADRANGLES

QUADRA NGLE LOC ATION

Imagery................................................NAIP, January 2010

Roads..............................................©2006-2010 Tele Atlas

Names...............................................................GNIS, 2010

Hydrography.................National Hydrography Dataset, 2010

Contours............................National Elevation Dataset, 2010

JACKSON, WY

2012

Interstate Route State Route

ROAD CLASSIFICATION

Ramp 4WD

US Route Local Road

Interstate Route State RouteUS RouteWX ./ H

JACKSON QUADRANGLE WYOMING-TETON CO.

7.5-MINUTE SERIES

JACKSON, WY

2012

Interstate Route State Route

ROAD CLASSIFICATION

Ramp 4WD

US Route Local Road

Check with local Forest Service unit

for current travel conditions and restrictions.

FS Primary Route FS High Clearance

Route FS Passenger

RouteJ K L

Interstate Route State RouteUS RouteWX ./ H

USGS: USFS:

Imagery<IMG_LEADER><IMG_CITATION>

Roads<TRANS_LEADER>©2006-2011 TomTom

Names<GNIS_LEADER>GNIS, 2011

Hydrography<HYDRO_LEADER>National Hydrography Dataset, <HYDRO_DATE>

Contours<HYPSO_LEADER><HYPSO_CITATION>

Boundaries..............Census, IBWC, IBC, USGS, 1972 - 2010

<OPTIONAL_CITATIONS>

North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83)

World Geodetic System of 1984 (WGS84). Projection and

1 000-meter grid: Universal Transverse Mercator, Zone 12T

Produced by the United States Geological Survey

10 000-foot ticks: Wyoming Coordinate System of 1983

(west zone)

North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83)

World Geodetic System of 1984 (WGS84). Projection and

1 000-meter grid: Universal Transverse Mercator, Zone 12T

Produced by the United States Geological Survey

10 000-foot ticks: Wyoming Coordinate System of 1983

(west zone)

Imagery..................................................NAIP, August 2009

Roads................................................©2006-2011 TomTom

Roads within US Forest Service Lands.............FSTopo Data

with limited Forest Service updates, 2009

Names...............................................................GNIS, 2011

Hydrography.................National Hydrography Dataset, 2009

Contours.............................National Elevation Dataset, 1999

Boundaries..............Census, IBWC, IBC, USGS, 1972 - 2010

Public Land Survey System.......................BLM, 2006 - 2008

This map was produced to conform with the

National Geospatial Program US Topo Product Standard, 2011.

A metadata file associated with this product is draft version 0.6.3

CONTOUR INTERVAL 40 FEET

NORTH AMERICAN VERTICAL DATUM OF 1988

SCALE 1:24 000

1 0.5 0

MILES

1

1000 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000

FEET

1000 500 0 METERS 1000 2000

21KILOMETERS00.51

U.S. National Grid

100,0 00-m Square ID

Grid Zo ne De signation

WP

12T

×

Ù MN

GN

UTM GRID AND 2012 MAGNETIC NORTH DECLINATION AT CENTER OF SHEET

0° 8´ 2 MILS

12° 6´ 215 MILS

U.S. Geological Survey 20120801 US Topo 7.5-minute map for Jackson, WY map, raster digital data Rolla, MO and Denver, CO USGS - National Geospatial Technical Operations Center (NGTOC) Layered GeoPDF 7.5 Minute Quadrangle Map. Layers of geospatial data include orthoimagery, roads, grids, geographic names, elevation contours, hydrography, and other selected map features. This map depicts geographic features on the surface of the earth. It is a general purpose map for users who are not GIS experts. One intended purpose is to support emergency response at all levels of government. The geospatial data in this map are from selected National Map data holdings and other government sources. GNIS Cell ID = 22279 1972 2012 publication date Complete Irregular -110.875 -110.75 43.5 43.375 ISO 19115 Topic Category imageryBaseMapsEarthCover EarthCover Imagery and Base Maps None topographic transportation structures geographic names hydrography orthoimage contour U.S. National Grid Geographic Names Information System US United States Wyoming Teton None Jackson, WY None None. However, users should be aware that temporal changes may have occurred since this data set was collected and that some parts of this data may no longer represent actual surface conditions. Users should not use this data for critical applications without a full awareness of its limitations. Acknowledgment of the U.S. Geological Survey would be appreciated for products derived from these data. Cartographic content is derived from USGS national geospatial databases. The data is owned and hosted by the USGS, but does not preclude using data sources owned and hosted by other organizations, provided that these sources have been approved by the USGS data program. This product is a layered GeoPDF file. GeoPDF is a copyright format with implementation rights held exclusively by TerraGo Technologies. This design is based on use of specific commercial software systems therefore any changes to the software specifications and dependencies will be followed by the USGS and codified in the product standard. Each layer of the GeoPDF is extracted from the USGS national geospatial databases. These data are intended to be cartographically complete at a 1:24,000 scale. This US Topo map product is compiled to meet National Map Accuracy Standards (NMAS). NMAS horizontal accuracy requires that at least 90 percent of well-defined points tested are within 0.02 inch of the true position. In this product, the projection line, grids, and orthoimage are believed to meet NMAS. Positional accuracy of the other data layers is less controllable because of diversity of data sources, and may not meet NMAS. The accuracy of the National Elevation Dataset (NED) is inherited from the source digital elevation models (DEMs). The overall absolute vertical accuracy expressed as the root mean square error (RMSE) is 2.44 meters. The measured vertical RMSE was converted to equivalent NMAS and NSSDA expressions. The accuracy is expressed in terms of the National Map Accuracy Standards (NMAS), which use a 90 percent confidence interval, and in terms of the National Standard for Spatial Data Accuracy (NSSDA), which uses a 95 percent confidence interval. National Agriculture Image Program (NAIP) administered by the Aerial Photography Field Office (APFO) for the United States Department of Agriculture. 20090810 Orthoimagery Raster digital data or Digital Orthorectified Image or NAIP Digital Ortho Photo Image An orthorectified image is a layer in every product and is provided by the USDA-FSA-APFO from the National Agriculture Image Program (NAIP). This offers the USGS a nationally consistent image product, normally with a one meter resolution in natural color. http://www.fsa.usda.gov/ 24000 digital data 20090802 20090810 publication date Imagery Image TomTom 2011 Transportation, commercial roads vector digital data TomTom Multinet dataset, licensed to the USGS for use in US Topo (1:24,000-scale topographic maps in GeoPDF format). TomTom retains copyright to these data. The USGS license allows these data to be freely used and redistributed in US Topo instances, provided this copyright notice is retained. TomTom data are filtered and may be generalized by USGS for protrayal in this product. TomTom roads are not mixed with other road data sources within a 7.5-minute quadrangle, with the exception of U.S. Forest Service lands, where public domain data from the Forest Service are used. http://www.tomtom.com 24000 digital data 2006 2011 publication date Roads - TomTom Road centerlines, route numbers, road classification, street names USFS 2009 Transportation, USFS FSTopo roads vector digital data The FSTopo database was originally populated with Cartographic Feature File (CFF) data. CFF data were derived from the standard Forest Service Primary Base Series (PBS) or Single Edition Series (SES) map as part of the Forest Service National Geographic Information System Plan. PBS and SES maps were developed from the U.S. Geological Survey 1:24,000-scale, 7.5-minute topographic map series, with enhancements and regular revisions to satisfy Forest Service needs. Except in Alaska, where 1:63,360-scale maps are used, the original USGS 1:24,000-scale source maps were constructed to meet National Map Accuracy Standards, which require that 90 percent of all well-defined features shown on the map are within .02 inches of their true location. CFF data were collected using methods and the best technologies available to ensure that digitized elements were captured within .003 inches of corresponding elements shown on source maps. The USDA Geospatial Service and Technology Center (GSTC) uses the same data collection accuracy standard for additions and revisions to the data. Only maps in USDA Forest Service areas will contain USDA Forest roads. http://www.fs.fed.us/gstc/ 24000 digital data 2009 2009 publication date Roads - USFS FSTopo Road centerlines, route numbers, road classification, street names Federal Railroad Administration 2012 Transportation, Railroads vector digital data Railroads are based on unpublished data provided to USGS by the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA). These data were collected by FRA as part of the Automated Track Inspection Program (ATIP). Though not originally intended for mapping purposes, the data are judged by USGS to have high positional accuracy and to be suitable for 1:24,000-scale mapping. The original data were GPS points, which were thinned, filtered, and consolidated by USGS to create the data shown in US Topo. These data are not complete, and the levels of actual completeness within a map cell or for the dataset as a whole are not precisely known. ATIP is an ongoing program, FRA has committed to continue working with USGS, and the data will become more complete with each US Topo production cycle. The USGS has elected to use this mechanism and source of railroad data because no sufficiently current, accurate, and non-proprietary railroad dataset with national coverage can be found. The names of rail lines will be added at some future date. 24000 digital data 2006 2012 publication date Railroads - Federal Railroad Administration Main track centerlines Federal Aviation Administration 2010 Airports vector digital data Runway outlines are for Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)-recognized public and private airports in the United States. The 2008 FAA runway coordinates, FAA_RunwayID, and Airport Location Codes were used by the USGS to digitize runway outlines on recent NAIP orthoimagery. The digitized data were inspected for accuracy and completeness then loaded into the USGS national transportation database. http://www.faa.gov 24000 digital data 2008 2010 publication date Transportation - Airports runways State and Federal Partners 2010 Fire Stations vector digital data Any location where fire fighters are stationed or based out of, or where equipment that such personnel use in carrying out their jobs is stored for ready use. Fire fighting training academies or locations are included. Fire Departments which are Mobile Units and not having a permanent location, are included, in which case their location has been depicted at the city/town hall or at the center of their service area if a city/town hall does not exist. This dataset includes those locations primarily engaged in forest or grasslands fire fighting, including fire lookout towers if the towers are in current use for fire protection purposes. This dataset includes both private and governmental entities. Locations that serve only administrative function are excluded. Locations serving both administrative and operational functions are included. http://nationalmap.usgs.gov 24000 digital data 2006 2010 ground condition Structures - Fire Stations State and Federal Partners 2011 Hospitals vector digital data Includes general medical and surgical hospitals, psychiatric, substance abuse and specialty hospitals such as Children's hospitals, cancer, maternity and rehabilitation hospitals. Other types of hospitals are included if represented in data sets provided by various partners for this compilation. Hospitals operated by the US Department of Veterans Affairs are included. Nursing homes, long term care facilities and Urgent Care facilities are generally excluded. Locations that are administrative offices only are excluded from the dataset. http://nationalmap.usgs.gov 24000 digital data 2006 2011 ground condition Structures - Hospitals U.S. Geological Survey 2011 Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) vector digital data The National Geographic Names Database is a part of the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) and represents the primary source for identifying official names. The system is maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the U.S. Board of Geographic Names. http://geonames.usgs.gov/ 24000 digital data 2011 2011 publication date Geographic Names Geographic feature names U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, USDA Forest Service, and other Federal, State and local partners. National Hydrography Dataset is a component of a comprehensive base geospatial data model. 20090802 Hydrography vector digital data The National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) is a feature-based database that interconnects and uniquely identifies the stream segments or reaches that make up the nation's surface water drainage system. The high-resolution NHD was originally created using 1:24,000-scale data. State and Local Stewards are improving the data by incorporating local updates based on more current and more accurate source data. Water features in the real world are relatively dynamic and the differences at the time of data collection mean that water features may not register exactly to other layers. The hydrographic feature names contained in and displayed by the NHD are extracted and validated from the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). Spatial objects may be filtered or generalized to achieve a 1:24,000-scale representation. http://nhd.usgs.gov/ http://nhd.usgs.gov/gnis.html http://nhdgeo.usgs.gov/metadata/nhd_high.htm 24000 digital data 20090802 20090802 publication date Hydrography Hydrography features and feature names International Boundary Commission 2006 U.S.-Canada National Boundary The international boundary dataset between Canada and the United States was provided by Maine Office of Geographic Information Systems (MEGIS), University of New Hampshire, Vermont Center for Geographic Information, Inc (VCGI). The dataset was collected from multiple source agencies such as the U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Census, Bureau of Parks and Lands, Coastal Island Registry (CIREG) and various state agencies. The data and attribution accuracy was tested by manual comparison of the source with hard copy printouts and/or symbolized display of digital files and corrected by each state GIS department for use at a scale not greater than 1:24,000. http://www.internationalboundarycommission.org/ http://www.internationalboundarycommission.org/products.html#nad83 point digital data 2006 2006 publication date U.S. / Canada International Boundary International Boundary between Canada and the United States U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía of Mexico. 2006 U.S.-Mexico National Boundary The international boundary between Mexico and the United States, defined as a joint venture between the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía of Mexico (INEGI), resulted in an unofficial United States-Mexico boundary dataset that was further enhanced by the U.S. Geological Survey's Border Environmental Health Initiative (BEHI). With the data frame scale set to 1:5,000 in ArcMap, the center of the Rio Grande/Río Bravo was digitized using the NAIP 2004 Imagery. In areas with dense stands of salt cedar (bounding box = UL -104.714 30.038, UR -104.664 30.037, LR -104.666 29.933, LL -104.717 29.934; NAD83), the center of the channel was difficult, and sometimes impossible, to easily determine. To determine the location of the boundary, the GIS analyst compared the location of the line in the INEGI 1:250K Limite feature class with the NAIP 2004 Imagery and adjusted the boundary to the image, thus, the delineation of the international boundary is less certain in these areas. The remaining part of the border was extracted from the INEGI 1:250K Limite feature class and appended to the line feature class created along the Rio Grande/Río Bravo. The U.S. Geological Survey reviewed the original USDA data against 2007 NAIP imagery and further edited 9 line segments in the Rio Grande areas to conform to National Map Accuracy Standards. http://borderhealth.cr.usgs.gov/projectindex.html http://extract.cr.usgs.gov/BorderHealth/Boundaries/Int_Boundary/International_Boundary_Shapefile.zip vector digital data 1972 2006 publication date U.S. / Mexico International Boundary International Boundary between Mexico and the United States U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Forest Service - Washington Office Automated Lands Program (ALP). 2009 USDA Forest Service Boundary The forest service boundaries defined by the USDA Forest Service encompassing the National Forest System (NFS) lands within the original proclaimed National Forests, along with lands added to the NFS which have taken on the status of 'reserved from the public domain' under the General Exchange Act. The following area types are included: National Forest, Experimental Area, Experimental Forest, Experimental Range, Land Utilization Project, National Grassland, Purchase Unit, and Special Management Area. The nationwide Proclaimed Forest dataset was created by the USDA Forest Service, Washington Office Automated Lands Program (ALP) staff from collected source data created by the Regional Offices. Only maps in USDA Forest Service areas will contain USDA Forest boundaries. 24000 vector digital data 2009 2009 publication date USDA Forest Service Boundaries National Forest Service Boundaries U.S. Census Bureau 2010 State and Equivalent Boundary The Census Bureau collects boundaries from state and county governments through the Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS, http://www.census.gov/geo/www/bas/bashome.html), and publishes the results as TIGER files. The USGS uses the TIGER data without editing or alteration for US Topo. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/tiger/index.html ftp://ftp2.census.gov/geo/tiger/TIGER2010/STATE/2010/ vector digital data 2010 2010 publication date State Boundaries State and Equivalent Boundary U.S. Census Bureau 2010 County and Equivalent Boundary The Census Bureau collects boundaries from state and county governments through the Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS), and publishes the results as TIGER files. The USGS uses Census TIGER data without editing or alteration for US Topo. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/tiger/index.html ftp://ftp2.census.gov/geo/tiger/TIGER2010/COUNTY/2010/ http://www.census.gov/geo/www/bas/bashome.html vector digital data 2010 2010 publication date …

Attachment 2

White Owl Butte

Wright Creek

Linderman Dam

Lemon Lake

Moody

Black Knoll

Saint Anthony Newdale

Ashton

ADJOINING 7.5' QUADRANGLES

Imagery................................................NAIP, January 2010 Roads..............................................©2006-2010 Tele Atlas Names...............................................................GNIS, 2010 Hydrography.................National Hydrography Dataset, 2010 Contours............................National Elevation Dataset, 2010

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IDAHO

QUADRANGLE LOC ATION

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR U. S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

NEWDALE QUADRANGLE IDAHO

7.5-MINUTE SERIES

NEWDALE, ID 2013

ROAD CLASSIFICATION

Check with local Forest Service unit for current travel conditions and restrictions.

FS Primary Route FS High Clearance Route FS Passenger

RouteJ K L

Interstate Route State RouteUS RouteWX ./ H

Expressway Local Connector

Ramp 4WD Secondary Hwy Local Road

NEWDALE, ID 2013

Expressway Local Connector ROAD CLASSIFICATION

Ramp 4WD Secondary Hwy Local Road

Interstate Route State RouteUS RouteWX ./ H

Imagery................................NAIP, June 2011 - August 2011 Roads..............................................©2006-2013 TomTom Names..........................................................GNIS, 2013 Hydrography....................National Hydrography Dataset, 2011 Contours............................National Elevation Dataset, 2001 Boundaries....................Census, IBWC, IBC, USGS, 1972 - 2012 Public Land Survey System..................................BLM, 2011

North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83) World Geodetic System of 1984 (WGS84). Projection and 1 000-meter grid: Universal Transverse Mercator, Zone 12T

Produced by the United States Geological Survey

10 000-foot ticks: Idaho Coordinate System of 1983 (east zone) This map is not a legal document. Boundaries may be generalized for this map scale. Private lands within government reservations may not be shown. Obtain permission before entering private lands.

North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83) World Geodetic System of 1984 (WGS84). Projection and 1 000-meter grid: Universal Transverse Mercator, Zone 12T

Produced by the United States Geological Survey

10 000-foot ticks: Idaho Coordinate System of 1983 (east zone) This map is not a legal document. Boundaries may be generalized for this map scale. Private lands within government reservations may not be shown. Obtain permission before entering private lands.

Imagery<IMG_LEADER><IMG_CITATION> Roads<TRANS_LEADER>©2006-2013 TomTom Roads within US Forest Service Lands.............FSTopo Data with limited Forest Service updates, 2013 Names...............................................................GNIS, 2013 Hydrography<HYDRO_LEADER>National Hydrography Dataset, <HYDRO_DATE> Contours<HYPSO_LEADER><HYPSO_CITATION> Boundaries....................Census, IBWC, IBC, USGS, 1972 - 2012 <OPTIONAL_CITATIONS>

This map was produced to conform with the National Geospatial Program US Topo Product Standard, 2011.

A metadata file associated with this product is draft version 0.6.15

CONTOUR INTERVAL 20 FEET NORTH AMERICAN VERTICAL DATUM OF 1988

SCALE 1:24 000

1000 500 0 METERS 1000 2000 21KILOMETERS00.51

1 0.5 0 MILES

1

1000 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 FEET

U.S. National Grid 100,000-m Square ID

Grid Zone Designation

VP

12T

×

Ù MN

GN

UTM GRID AND 2013 MAGNETIC NORTH DECLINATION AT CENTER OF SHEET

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2

US Department of the Interior US Geological Survey

US Topo Map Symbols

What is a US Topo map?

A US Topo map is a digital topographic map that covers 7.5-minutes of longitude by 7.5-minutes of latitude and is produced at a scale of 1:24,000. US Topo maps are freely distributable and are available for download on the Web from the USGS Store (http://store.usgs.gov) in Portable Document Format (PDF) with geospatial extensions (GeoPDF®, a registered trademark of TerraGo Technologies). PDF maps can be viewed and printed with any conforming PDF software. Versions 9.x and 10.x of Adobe® Reader® and Acrobat® software provide access to the geospatial functionality of the US Topo map. Adobe Reader is available for free at http://get.adobe.com/reader. Geospa- tial functionality is enhanced with the TerraGo® Toolbar™, a plug-in to the Adobe software that may be downloaded for free at http:// usgs.terragotech.com/home. More information about US Topo maps and their use is available at http://nationalmap.gov/ustopo.

The base data layer of a US Topo map is a recent orthographic aerial photograph. These orthoimages have been corrected to remove scale distortions that result from the varying terrain and deviations of the aircraft’s position from the true vertical. The maps include contours that show the shape of the Earth’s surface, hydrographic features such as lakes and rivers, roads, boundaries, and geograph- ic names. Additional data from the geographic data themes of transportation, names, elevation, hydrography, boundaries, structures (such as fire stations) and land cover (such as woodland tint) is being added to the maps as they are updated, resulting in a product that will become progressively more robust over time. Feature data is incorporated from national Geographic Information System (GIS) databases under the stewardship of USGS data programs. The US Topo map is intended for conventional map users, not for advanced GIS analysis. However, most of the data sources used are in the public domain and may be downloaded for free from The National Map (TNM) (http://nationalmap.gov).

US Topo maps are revised on a three-year production cycle.

Symbols on US Topo Maps

The underlying orthoimage for each US Topo map shows those features on the Earth’s surface that are visible to the eye. Because each map is made at a scale of 1:24,000 (one inch on the map represents 24,000 inches or 2,000 feet on the ground), selected features are also shown and emphasized by symbols, geographic names, and highway route numbers.

Map features may be represented as points, lines, or polygons. They incorporate different colors and patterns to distinguish between feature types and to show each feature’s importance. For example, a perennial stream is symbolized by a solid blue line while an intermittent stream is shown by a blue dashed and dotted line. A large reservoir is depicted by a polygon while a small reservoir may be shown by a point symbol if it is too small to show as a polygon.

Point symbols of different shapes and sizes depict features such as structures, dams, gates, rocks, waterfalls, and wells. Linear map symbols (lines) show such features as roads, rivers, boundaries, and contours. Color is used to show the class of information: topo- graphic contours in brown, streams and rivers and other hydrographic features in blue, and roads in black and red. Areal features are outlined to depict the areal extent and may also be emphasized by a color tint. Names and labels are shown in different type fonts, sizes, and colors.

The unique feature of a topographic map is the contour. These lines do not exist on the Earth’s surface. They join points of equal eleva- tion above a zero level surface (such as Mean Sea Level) and therefore show heights of the land and reveal the shape of the land surface. Heavier brown lines are index contours and are labeled with the elevation they represent. Closely spaced contours indicate a steep land slope; widely spaced contours show more level ground. The elevation difference between adjacent contours is the contour interval. A map of a relatively flat area may have a contour interval of 10 feet. In steep areas an interval of 100 feet or more may be used to avoid coalescence or convergence of the contour lines. The contour interval is always noted below the bar scale in the map marginalia.

The cartographic representation of roads has been updated from a characterization based on organizational maintenance (Interstates, US routes, State routes, etc.) to a functional classification defined as follows:

Expressway1: A controlled access, divided arterial highway for through traffic. Secondary Highway1: Hard surface highways including secondary State routes, primary county routes, and other highways that connect principal cities and towns, and link these places with the primary highway system. Local Connector1: Hard surface roads not included in a higher class and improved, loose surface roads passable in all kinds of weather. These roads are adjuncts to the primary and secondary highway system and represent major arteries through populated places. Local Road1: Roads used primarily for local traffic.

1 Federal Highway Administration Planning Glossary - http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/glossary/glossary_listing.cfm.

13SEPT2013,ver3.0

Lock Chamber/Spillway

Rock X

Spring E'

Waterfall

Well

Canal/Ditch

Earthen Dam Nonearthen Dam

Levee

Rapids

HYDROGRAPHY

Underground Pipeline

13SEPT2013,ver3.0

STRUCTURES

Cemetery #"!

Fire Station F

Hospital H

School

Post Office

n

POPO

Prison

Police

State Capitol

Oil/Gas Pipeline*

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TRANSPORTATION

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Railroad

Road Features

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Interstate Route

US Route

State Route

Forest Service Primary Route

Forest Service Secondary Route

Forest Service High Clearance Route

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1 — 363636

Swimming Pool

(

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Perennial Lake

Pipeline

Playa

Settling Pond

Tailings Pond

=

Reservoir

Intermittent Stream

Perennial Stream

Submerged Stream

Nonearthen Reservoir

Wash

Tunnel

T 34 N R 79 W

1 — 363636

LAND COVER

Woodland

13SEPT2013,ver3.0

Shaded Relief

TERRAIN

IMAGES

Orthoimage

Contour Features

Index

Intermediate

Supplemental

Depression Index

Depression Intermediate

Depression Supplemental

40004000

HYDROGRAPHY – continued

BOUNDARIES

International

State or Territory

County or Equivalent

Forest Service

Shaded Relief

Jurisdictional Boundaries

Federal Administered Lands

National Park Service

Department of Defense

Bureau of Land Management*

Fish and Wildlife Service

AIANNH Area*

*Currently on Alaska US Topo maps only

ABBREVATIONS

Note: Symbols use transparent color. When these symbols overlap, the colors blend. This alters their appearance from how they are represented in the map legend. 80008000

Hwy AIANNH

4WD

Highway American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian Area Four Wheel Drive

Coastline

Reef

Nonearthen Shore

Underground Conduit

Foreshore

Estuary

Ocean

""""""""""""""""""""""""""

U.S. Geological Survey 20131211 US Topo 7.5-minute map for Newdale, ID map, raster digital data Rolla, MO and Denver, CO USGS - National Geospatial Technical Operations Center (NGTOC) Layered GeoPDF 7.5 Minute Quadrangle Map. Layers of geospatial data include orthoimagery, roads, grids, geographic names, elevation contours, hydrography, and other selected map features. This map depicts geographic features on the surface of the earth. It is a general purpose map for users who are not GIS experts. One intended purpose is to support emergency response at all levels of government. The geospatial data in this map are from selected National Map data holdings and other government sources. GNIS Cell ID = 31942 1950 2013 publication date Complete Irregular -111.625 -111.5 44 43.875 ISO 19115 Topic Category imageryBaseMapsEarthCover EarthCover Imagery and Base Maps None topographic transportation structures geographic names hydrography boundary Public Land Survey System woodland orthoimage contour U.S. National Grid Geographic Names Information System US United States Idaho Fremont Madison None Newdale, ID None This product may be freely copied, redistributed, and printed. Most content is derived from public domain data with no reuse constraints. The following data layers are from commercial sources and are not public domain: 1) roads in all areas, 2) orthoimages in Alaska, and 3) orthoimages in Hawaii. These layers are copyrighted and have some reuse restrictions; see the relevant data source sections (srcinfo tag) in this file. Users should be aware that temporal changes may have occurred since these data were collected and some data may no longer represent actual surface conditions. Users should not use this data for critical applications without a full awareness of its limitations. Acknowledgment of the U.S. Geological Survey is appreciated for products derived from these data. Cartographic content is derived from USGS national geospatial databases. The data is owned and hosted by the USGS, but does not preclude using data sources owned and hosted by other organizations, provided that these sources have been approved by the USGS data program. This product is a layered GeoPDF file. GeoPDF is a copyright format with implementation rights held exclusively by TerraGo Technologies. This design is based on use of specific commercial software systems therefore any changes to the software specifications and dependencies will be followed by the USGS and codified in the product standard. Each layer of the GeoPDF is extracted from the USGS national geospatial databases. These data are intended to be cartographically complete at a 1:24,000 scale. This US Topo map product is compiled to meet National Map Accuracy Standards (NMAS). NMAS horizontal accuracy requires that at least 90 percent of well-defined points tested are within 0.02 inch of the true position. In this product, the projection line, grids, and orthoimage are believed to meet NMAS. Positional accuracy of the other data layers is less controllable because of diversity of data sources, and may not meet NMAS. Vertical accuracy report: US Topo contours are derived from the USGS National Elevation Dataset (NED). Accuracy of the NED is inherited from various sources of digital elevation models used to populate the NED. These data sources vary in vertical accuracy depending on collection method, control accuracy and density, and local terrain relief. The overall absolute vertical accuracy of the NED, as tested against HARN control elevations, is 4.78 meters at 95% confidence level (National Standards for Spatial Data Accuracy). US Topo contours are derived from the NED to generally meet National Map Accuracy Standards (90% of well-defined points in reasonably level terrain test within one-half contour interval of the true ground elevation); however, actual vertical accuracies of individual US Topo quadrangles may not meet that standard. Quadrangles containing collar notes stating contours "May not meet National Map Accuracy Standards" are in areas where the source is known to be questionable for meeting NMAS for the stated contour interval. For the conterminous 48 states - National Agriculture Image Program (NAIP) administered by the Aerial Photography Field Office (APFO) for the United States Department of Agriculture. 20110812 Orthoimagery - CONUS Raster digital data or Digital Orthorectified Image or NAIP Digital Ortho Photo Image or Raster digital data or Digital Orthorectified Image An orthorectified image is a layer in every product and is provided by the USDA-FSA-APFO from the National Agriculture Image Program (NAIP) in the conterminous US. This offers the USGS a consistent image product for the conterminous 48 states, normally with a one meter resolution in natural color. The NAIP image in this product is public domain with no reuse constraints. http://www.fsa.usda.gov/ 24000 digital data 20110627 20110812 publication date Imagery Image TomTom 2013 Transportation, commercial roads Vector digital data TomTom Multinet dataset, licensed to the USGS for use in US Topo (1:24,000-scale topographic maps in GeoPDF format). TomTom retains copyright to these data. The USGS license allows these data to be freely used and redistributed in US Topo instances, provided this copyright notice is retained. TomTom data are filtered and may be generalized by USGS for portrayal in this product. TomTom roads are not mixed with other road data sources within a 7.5-minute quadrangle, with the exception of U.S. Forest Service lands, where public domain data from the Forest Service are used. http://www.tomtom.com 24000 digital data 2006 2013 publication date Roads - TomTom Road centerlines, route numbers, road classification, street names USFS 2013 Transportation, USFS FSTopo roads Vector digital data The FSTopo database was originally populated with Cartographic Feature File (CFF) data. CFF data were derived from the standard Forest Service Primary Base Series (PBS) or Single Edition Series (SES) map as part of the Forest Service National Geographic Information System Plan. PBS and SES maps were developed from the U.S. Geological Survey 1:24,000-scale, 7.5-minute topographic map series, with enhancements and regular revisions to satisfy Forest Service needs. Except in Alaska, where 1:63,360-scale maps are used, the original USGS 1:24,000-scale source maps were constructed to meet National Map Accuracy Standards, which require that 90 percent of all well-defined features shown on the map are within .02 inches of their true location. CFF data were collected using methods and the best technologies available to ensure that digitized elements were captured within .003 inches of corresponding elements shown on source maps. The USDA Geospatial Service and Technology Center (GSTC) uses the same data collection accuracy standard for additions and revisions to the data. Only maps in USDA Forest Service areas will contain USDA Forest roads. http://www.fs.fed.us/gstc/ 24000 digital data 2009 2013 publication date Roads - USFS FSTopo Road centerlines, route numbers, road classification, street names Various government agencies and volunteer organizations 2013 Recreational Trails Vector digital data The first recreational trails were added to US Topo maps in 2013. The data for these features come from a variety of sources. Trails are not complete, and will not be complete for the foreseeable future; the near-term objectives of the US Topo program are to show recreational trails on federal lands and those that are part of the National Trails System. Trails will be added as data become available from land management agencies and other authoritative sources. At this time all recreational trails data used for US Topo are public domain. General information about the National Trails System and its components can be found at http://www.nps.gov/ncrc/programs/nts/nts_trails.html and http://www.pnts.org and http://www.fws.gov/gis/data/national/index.html#NWRS This metadata section documents all data sources used for any map; the features and data described here are not necessarily present on this specific map. Notes on individual data sources follow -- Ice Age National Scenic Trail: one of 11 National Scenic Trails (NST). The Ice Age NST is in Wisconsin. The data used on US Topo were provided by the volunteer organization Ice Age Trail Alliance, http://www.iceagetrail.org, in cooperation with National Park Service and Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. -- Pacific Crest National Scenic Trail: Data used on US Topo provided by US Forest Service, and published at http://www.fs.usda.gov/detail/pct/home/ -- Pacific Northwest National Scenic Trail: data used on US Topo is an unpublished dataset provided by US Forest Service -- US Fish and Wildlife Service lands: the USFWS Hiking Trails Inventory is administered by the US Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration, and Pacific Western Technologies, LTD. The purpose of the dataset is to create a baseline inventory of all non-motorized trails on US Fish and Wildlife Service Stations. - US Forest Service lands: trails within national forests are from unpublished data provided by USFS. These data are developed from sources of differing accuracy. US Topo does not portray access and travel management information indicating which trails are managed for or open to specific modes of travel (motorized/non-motorized) or associated seasons of use. USFS trails (other than selected NSTs described above) are currently shown on US Topo only in Colorado. http://www.nps.gov/ncrc/programs/nts/nts_trails.html http://www.pnts.org http://www.fws.gov/gis/data/national/index.html#NWRS 24000 digital data 2006 2013 publication date Recreational Trails Trail centerline Federal Railroad Administration 2012 Transportation, Railroads Vector digital data Railroads are based on unpublished data provided to USGS by the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA). These data were collected by FRA as part of the Automated Track Inspection Program (ATIP). Though not originally intended for mapping purposes, the data are judged by USGS to have high positional accuracy and to be suitable for 1:24,000-scale mapping. The original data were GPS points, which were thinned, filtered, and consolidated by USGS to create the data shown in US Topo. These data are not complete, and the levels of actual completeness within a map cell or for the dataset as a whole are not precisely known. ATIP is an ongoing program, FRA has committed to continue working with USGS, and the data will become more complete with each US Topo production cycle. The USGS has elected to use this mechanism and source of railroad data because no sufficiently current, accurate, and non-proprietary railroad dataset with national coverage can be found. The names of rail lines will be added at some future date. 24000 digital data 2012 2012 publication date Railroads - Federal Railroad Administration Main track centerlines Federal Aviation Administration 2012 Airports Vector digital data Runway outlines are for Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)-recognized public and private airports in the United States. The FAA runway coordinates, FAA_RunwayID, and Airport Location Codes were used by the USGS to digitize runway outlines on recent NAIP orthoimagery. The digitized data were inspected for accuracy and completeness then loaded into the USGS national transportation database. http://www.faa.gov 24000 digital data 2011 2012 publication date Transportation - Airports runways State and Federal Partners 2012 Fire Stations Vector digital data Any location where fire fighters are stationed or based out of, or where equipment that such personnel use in carrying out their jobs is stored for ready use. Fire fighting training academies or locations are …

Attachment 3

Imagery................................................NAIP, January 2010 Roads..............................................©2006-2010 Tele Atlas Names...............................................................GNIS, 2010 Hydrography.................National Hydrography Dataset, 2010 Contours............................National Elevation Dataset, 2010

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Caesar Creek Lake

Caesar Creek Lake

Mill Run

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Dakins Run

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OHIO

QUADRANGLE LOC ATION

WAYNESVILLE QUADRANGLE OHIO

7.5-MINUTE SERIES

WAYNESVILLE, OH 2016

Expressway Local Connector ROAD CLASSIFICATION

Ramp 4WD Secondary Hwy Local Road

Interstate Route State RouteUS RouteWX ./ H

WAYNESVILLE, OH 2016

ROAD CLASSIFICATION

Check with local Forest Service unit for current travel conditions and restrictions.

FS Primary Route FS High Clearance Route FS Passenger

Routeª«

Interstate Route State RouteUS RouteWX ./ H

Expressway Local Connector

Ramp 4WD Secondary Hwy Local Road

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

1 Dayton South

8 Clarksville

2 Bellbrook 3 Xenia 4 Springboro 5 New Burlington 6 Lebanon 7 Oregonia

ADJOINING QUADRANGLES

1 2 3

4 5

6 7 8

This map was produced to conform with the National Geospatial Program US Topo Product Standard, 2011.

A metadata file associated with this product is draft version 0.6.19

CONTOUR INTERVAL 10 FEET NORTH AMERICAN VERTICAL DATUM OF 1988

SCALE 1:24 000

1000 500 0 METERS 1000 2000 21KILOMETERS00.51

1 0.5 0 MILES

1

1000 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 FEET

Imagery.............................................NAIP, October 2015 Roads................................ U.S. Census Bureau, 2015 - 2016 Names..........................................................GNIS, 2016 Hydrography....................National Hydrography Dataset, 2015 Contours............................National Elevation Dataset, 2010 Boundaries............Multiple sources; see metadata file 1972 - 2016 Public Land Survey System..................................BLM, 2013 Wetlands.........FWS National Wetlands Inventory 1977 - 2014

North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83) World Geodetic System of 1984 (WGS84). Projection and 1 000-meter grid: Universal Transverse Mercator, Zone 16S

Produced by the United States Geological Survey

10 000-foot ticks: Ohio Coordinate System of 1983 (south zone) This map is not a legal document. Boundaries may be generalized for this map scale. Private lands within government reservations may not be shown. Obtain permission before entering private lands.

North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83) World Geodetic System of 1984 (WGS84). Projection and 1 000-meter grid: Universal Transverse Mercator, Zone 16S

Produced by the United States Geological Survey

10 000-foot ticks: Ohio Coordinate System of 1983 (south zone) This map is not a legal document. Boundaries may be generalized for this map scale. Private lands within government reservations may not be shown. Obtain permission before entering private lands.

Imagery<IMG_LEADER><IMG_CITATION> Roads<TRANS_LEADER> U.S. Census Bureau, 2015 - 2016 Roads within US Forest Service Lands.............FSTopo Data with limited Forest Service updates, 2012 - 2016 Names...............................................................GNIS, 2016 Hydrography<HYDRO_LEADER>National Hydrography Dataset, <HYDRO_DATE> Contours<HYPSO_LEADER><HYPSO_CITATION> Boundaries............Multiple sources; see metadata file 1972 - 2016 <OPTIONAL_CITATIONS> Wetlands.........FWS National Wetlands Inventory 1977 - 2014

U.S. National Grid 100,000-m Square ID

Grid Zone Designation

GJ

16S

^

Ø MN

GN

UTM GRID AND 2016 MAGNETIC NORTH DECLINATION AT CENTER OF SHEET

1° 52´ 33 MILS

6° 10´ 110 MILS

* 7 6 4 3 0 1 6 3 8 8 0 5 8 *

N S

N .

7 6

4 3

0 1

6 3

8 8

0 5

8 N

G A

R E

F N

O .

U S

G S

X 2

4 K

4 7

8 5

1

US Department of the Interior US Geological Survey

US Topo Map Symbols

What is a US Topo map?

A US Topo map is a digital topographic map that covers 7.5-minutes of longitude by 7.5-minutes of latitude and is produced at a scale of 1:24,000. US Topo maps are freely distributable and are available for download on the Web from the USGS Store (http://store.usgs.gov) in Portable Document Format (PDF) with geospatial extensions (GeoPDF®, a registered trademark of TerraGo Technologies). PDF maps can be viewed and printed with any conforming PDF software. Versions 9.x and late of Adobe® Reader® and Acrobat® software provide access to the geospatial functionality of the US Topo map. Adobe Reader is available for free at http://get.adobe.com/reader. Geospa- tial functionality is enhanced with the TerraGo® Toolbar™, a plug-in to the Adobe software that may be downloaded for free at http:// usgs.terragotech.com/home. More information about US Topo maps and their use is available at http://nationalmap.gov/ustopo.

The base data layer of a US Topo map is a recent orthographic aerial photograph. These orthoimages have been corrected to remove scale distortions that result from the varying terrain and deviations of the aircraft’s position from the true vertical. The maps include contours that show the shape of the Earth’s surface, hydrographic features such as lakes and rivers, roads, boundaries, and geograph- ic names. Additional data from the geographic data themes of transportation, names, elevation, hydrography, boundaries, structures (such as fire stations) and land cover (such as woodland tint) is being added to the maps as they are updated, resulting in a product that will become progressively more robust over time. Feature data is incorporated from national Geographic Information System (GIS) databases under the stewardship of USGS data programs. The US Topo map is intended for conventional map users, not for advanced GIS analysis. However, most of the data sources used are in the public domain and may be downloaded for free from The National Map (TNM) (http://nationalmap.gov).

US Topo maps are revised on a three-year production cycle.

Symbols on US Topo Maps

The underlying orthoimage for each US Topo map shows those features on the Earth’s surface that are visible to the eye. Because each map is made at a scale of 1:24,000 (one inch on the map represents 24,000 inches or 2,000 feet on the ground), selected features are also shown and emphasized by symbols, geographic names, and highway route numbers.

Map features may be represented as points, lines, or polygons. They incorporate different colors and patterns to distinguish between feature types and to show each feature’s importance. For example, a perennial stream is symbolized by a solid blue line while an intermittent stream is shown by a blue dashed and dotted line. A large reservoir is depicted by a polygon while a small reservoir may be shown by a point symbol if it is too small to show as a polygon.

Point symbols of different shapes and sizes depict features such as structures, dams, gates, rocks, waterfalls, and wells. Linear map symbols (lines) show such features as roads, rivers, boundaries, and contours. Color is used to show the class of information: topo- graphic contours in brown, streams and rivers and other hydrographic features in blue, and roads in black and red. Areal features are outlined to depict the areal extent and may also be emphasized by a color tint. Names and labels are shown in different type fonts, sizes, and colors.

The unique feature of a topographic map is the contour. These lines do not exist on the Earth’s surface. They join points of equal eleva- tion above a zero level surface (such as Mean Sea Level) and therefore show heights of the land and reveal the shape of the land surface. Heavier brown lines are index contours and are labeled with the elevation they represent. Closely spaced contours indicate a steep land slope; widely spaced contours show more level ground. The elevation difference between adjacent contours is the contour interval. A map of a relatively flat area may have a contour interval of 10 feet. In steep areas an interval of 100 feet or more may be used to avoid coalescence or convergence of the contour lines. The contour interval is always noted below the bar scale in the map marginalia.

The cartographic representation of roads has been updated from a characterization based on organizational maintenance (Interstates, US routes, State routes, etc.) to a functional classification defined as follows:

• Expressway1: A controlled access, divided arterial highway for through traffic. • Secondary Highway1: Hard surface highways including secondary State routes, primary county routes, and other highways

that connect principal cities and towns, and link these places with the primary highway system. • Local Connector1: Hard surface roads not included in a higher class and improved, loose surface roads passable in all kinds

of weather. These roads are adjuncts to the primary and secondary highway system and represent major arteries through populated places.

• Local Road1: Roads used primarily for local traffic.

1 Federal Highway Administration Planning Glossary - http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/glossary/glossary_listing.cfm.

04OCT2016ver6.0

04OCT2016ver6.0

TRANSPORTATION

£830

¬«470

Road Shields

§̈¦25Interstate Route

US Route

State Route

Forest Service Primary Route

Forest Service High Clearance Route

ª«240 Forest Service Secondary Route 420

Airport Runway Airport Features

Railroad Railroad Features

Road Features

Ferry

4WD

Local Road

Local Connector

Ramp

Secondary Hwy

Expressway

Tunnel

Trail

PLSS

Township/Range T 34 N R 79 W

Section 1 — 363636

Township/Range (protracted) T 34 N R 79 W

Section (protracted) 1 — 363636

Land Grants

Rock X

Spring E'

Well

HYDROGRAPHY

Levee

Area of Complex Channels

)~ ) ~~~ ~ )~ ) ~~~ ~

~ )~ )~~ ~

~

~~

)~ ) ~~~ ~) ~ )

~ ) ~~~ ~

~ ~

) )~ ~~

Gate |

Dam |

Inundation Area

Swimming Pool

Gaging Station (

Earthen Dam

Nonearthen Dam

Perennial Lake

Lock Chamber/Spillway

Playa

Settling Pond

Rapids =

Reservoir

Waterfall

Perennial Stream

Intermittent Stream

Submerged Stream

Nonearthen Reservoir

Wash

Intermittent Lake

STRUCTURES

Oil/Gas Pipeline*

State Capitol

Trailhead F

Campground 9

School (K-12) n

Fire Station F

Hospital H

Police ^

Prison ^

Cemetery "!

Post Office &PO

@âTTrade/Technical School [email protected]ÞÞCollege/University

Visitor Center V

04OCT2016ver6.0

HYDROGRAPHY – continued

IMAGES

Orthoimage

BOUNDARIES

LAND COVER

Woodland

International

State or Territory

County or Equivalent

Forest Service

Jurisdictional Boundaries

Federal Administered Lands

National Park Service

Department of Defense

Bureau of Land Management*

Fish and Wildlife Service

AIANNH Area*

National Cemetery

ABBREVATIONS

Note: Symbols use transparent color. When these symbols overlap the colors blend. This alters their appearance from how they are represented in the map legend.

• Hwy • AIANNH

• 4WD

Highway American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian Area Four Wheel Drive

*Currently on Alaska US Topo maps only

Shaded Relief

TERRAIN

Contour Features

Index

Intermediate

Supplemental

Depression Index

Depression Intermediate

Depression Supplemental

40004000

Shaded Relief

80008000

Coastline

Reef

Nonearthen Shore

Underground Conduit

Foreshore

Estuary

Ocean

""""""""""""""""""""""""""

Freshwater Emergent Wetland

Freshwater Forested/Shrub Wetland

Canal/Ditch

Underground Pipeline

Flume

Ice Mass

Pipeline

Tailings Pond

Tunnel

U.S. Geological Survey 20161208 US Topo 7.5-minute map for Waynesville, OH map, raster digital data Rolla, MO and Denver, CO USGS - National Geospatial Technical Operations Center (NGTOC) Layered geospatial PDF Map. Layers of geospatial data include orthoimagery, roads, grids, geographic names, elevation contours, hydrography, and other selected map features. This map depicts geographic features on the surface of the earth. It is a general purpose map for users who are not GIS experts. One intended purpose is to support emergency response at all levels of government. The geospatial data in this map are from selected National Map data holdings and other government sources. GNIS Cell ID = 47851 1950 2016 publication date Complete Irregular -84.125 -84 39.625 39.5 ISO 19115 Topic Category imageryBaseMapsEarthCover EarthCover Imagery and Base Maps None topographic transportation structures geographic names hydrography boundary Public Land Survey System woodland orthoimage contour U.S. National Grid Geographic Names Information System US United States Ohio Warren Greene Montgomery None Waynesville, OH None This product may be freely copied, redistributed, and printed. Most content is derived from public domain data with no reuse constraints. The following data layers are from commercial sources and are not public domain: 1) orthoimages in Alaska, and 2) orthoimages in Hawaii. These layers are copyrighted and have some reuse restrictions; see the relevant data source sections (srcinfo tag) in this file. From mid 2010 to late 2015 US Topo maps used commercially licensed road data for most maps, but as of October 2015 this map series uses public domain road data from the US Census Bureau; see the credit note in the lower left corner of the map face and the metadata srcinfo tag of individual maps for road data sources and restrictions. Users should be aware that temporal changes may have occurred since these data were collected and some data may no longer represent actual surface conditions. Users should not use these data for critical applications without a full awareness of their limitations. Acknowledgment of the U.S. Geological Survey is appreciated for products derived from these data. Cartographic content is derived from USGS national geospatial databases. The data is owned and hosted by the USGS, but does not preclude using data sources owned and hosted by other organizations, provided that these sources have been approved by the USGS data program. This product is a layered geospatial PDF file. Each layer of the geospatial PDF is extracted from the USGS national geospatial databases. These data are intended to be cartographically complete at the scales that the map is produced, 1:24,000 scale in the conterminous 48 states and Hawaii, 1:25,000 scale in Alaska, and 1:20,000 scale in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. This US Topo map product is compiled to meet National Map Accuracy Standards (NMAS). NMAS horizontal accuracy requires that at least 90 percent of well-defined points tested are within 0.02 inch of the true position. In this product, the projection line, grids, and orthoimage are believed to meet NMAS. Positional accuracy of the other data layers is less controllable because of diversity of data sources, and may not meet NMAS. Vertical accuracy report: US Topo contours are derived from the USGS National Elevation Dataset (NED). Accuracy of the NED is inherited from various sources of digital elevation models used to populate the NED. These data sources vary in vertical accuracy depending on collection method, control accuracy and density, and local terrain relief. The overall absolute vertical accuracy of the NED, as tested against HARN control elevations, is 4.78 meters at 95% confidence level (National Standards for Spatial Data Accuracy). US Topo contours are derived from the NED to generally meet National Map Accuracy Standards (90% of well-defined points in reasonably level terrain test within one-half contour interval of the true ground elevation); however, actual vertical accuracies of individual US Topo quadrangles may not meet that standard. Quadrangles containing collar notes stating contours "May not meet National Map Accuracy Standards" are in areas where the source is known to be questionable for meeting NMAS for the stated contour interval. National Agriculture Image Program (NAIP) administered by the Aerial Photography Field Office (APFO) for the United States Department of Agriculture and SPOT 5 satellite imagery, from SPOT Image Corporation through the Alaska Statewide Digital Mapping Initiative 20151023 Imagery Raster digital data or Digital Orthorectified Image or NAIP Digital Ortho Photo Image or Raster digital data or Digital Orthorectified Image For the conterminous 48 states, Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands - "An orthorectified image is a layer in every product and is provided by the USDA-FSA-APFO from the National Agriculture Image Program (NAIP) in the conterminous US. This offers the USGS a consistent image product for the conterminous 48 states, normally with a one meter resolution in natural color. The NAIP image in this product is public domain with no reuse constraints." For Alaska - "A simulated natural color, orthorectified image is provided by the Alaska Statewide Digital Mapping Initiative. The statewide orthoimagery contract was awarded to Aero-Metric, Inc. Subcontractor Spot Image provided the source imagery from their SPOT 5 satellite. Subcontractor Fugro Earthdata performed the image processing, orthorectification, and mosaicing. Further processing may have been performed by USGS. SPOT Image Corporation (SICORP) retains copyright to these data. The USGS license allows these data to be freely used and redistributed in US Topo instances (1:25,000-scale topographic maps in PDF format), provided this copyright notice is retained." http://www.fsa.usda.gov/ http://www.alaskamapped.org/ortho digital data 20151023 20151023 publication date Imagery Image U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division and Alaska Department of Transportation 2016 Transportation - Roads vector digital data For the conterminous 48 states, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands and Hawaii - "Dataset source is Census Bureau MAF/TIGER database extracts in the form of TIGER/Line Shapefiles. The TIGER/Line shapefiles and related database files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau's Master Address File/Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing (MAF/TIGER) Database (MTDB). The MTDB represents a seamless national file with no overlaps or gaps between parts, however, each TIGER/Line shapefile is designed to stand alone as an independent dataset, or they can be combined to cover the entire nation. The U.S. Geological Survey filters Census roads to remove short road segments which are less than 500 feet in length, are not named and are classified as local roads. Census roads are not mixed with other road data sources within a 7.5-minute US Topo quadrangle with the exception of U.S. Forest Service lands, where public domain data from the Forest Service are used. The USGS National Transportation Dataset functional road classification system is applied to the Census datasets.The original TIGER/Line Shapefile products are not copyrighted however TIGER/Line and Census TIGER are registered trademarks of the U.S. Census Bureau. The horizontal spatial accuracy information present in the TIGER/Line shapefiles is provided for the purposes of statistical analysis and census operations only and the data may not be suitable for high-precision measurement applications. Full metadata for TIGER/Line shapefiles is available from U.S. Census Bureau." For Alaska - "Roads gathered from various state and local sources, integrated by the Alaska Department of Transportation (ADOT) and provided to USGS for use in USGS map products. This specific road dataset is unpublished, but earlier versions are published on the ADOT web site." http://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/tiger.html http://www.dot.state.ak.us/stwdplng/mapping/ digital data 2015 2016 publication date Roads - Census and Alaska Department of Transportation Road centerlines, route numbers, road classification, street names USFS 2016 Transportation, USFS FSTopo roads Vector digital data The FSTopo database was originally populated with Cartographic Feature File (CFF) data. CFF data were derived from the standard Forest Service Primary Base Series (PBS) or Single Edition Series (SES) map as part of the Forest Service National Geographic Information System Plan. PBS and SES maps were developed from the U.S. Geological Survey 1:24,000-scale, 7.5-minute topographic map series, with enhancements and regular revisions to satisfy Forest Service needs. Except in Alaska, where 1:63,360-scale maps are used, the original USGS 1:24,000-scale source maps were constructed to meet National Map Accuracy Standards, which require that 90 percent of all well-defined features shown on the map are within .02 inches of their true location. CFF data were collected using methods and the best technologies available to ensure that digitized elements were captured within .003 inches of corresponding elements shown on source maps. The USDA Geospatial Service and Technology Center (GSTC) uses the same data collection accuracy standard for additions and revisions to the data. Only maps in USDA Forest Service areas will contain USDA Forest roads. http://www.fs.fed.us/gstc/ digital data 2012 2016 publication date Roads - USFS FSTopo Road centerlines, route numbers, road classification, street names Various government agencies and volunteer organizations 2016 Recreational Trails Vector digital data The first recreational trails were added to US Topo maps in 2013. The data for trails come from a variety of sources. Accuracy and currency is the responsibility of the data owner; USGS evaluates the authoritativeness of the source but …

Attachment 4

GLY3850 Homework:

Topographic Maps Name:

Note: To complete this homework you will have to view the PDF files of the topographic maps, which are linked separately on Canvas. Print out this handout and fill it in as you go through the different maps. When you’re done you will take a Canvas “Quiz” to enter your answers.

Waynesville, OH Map

Quadrangle maps are always named for a prominent geographic feature on the map–a town, mountain, lake, etc. What feature is the Waynesville Quadrangle named after? (This question is as easy as it seems)

Topographic maps are divided into series. The series is always listed underneath the quadrangle name in the right-hand corner of the map, and the longitude/latitude coordinates are always labeled at the four corners of the map. Therefore you can either read the series directly or figure it out by computing the longitude (or latitude) range spanned by the map. What kind of map series is the Waynesville Quadrangle?

What is the longitude in the northwest corner of the map? (It is W longitude.)

What is the latitude in the southeast corner of the map?

The map scale is always located at the bottom of the map, and is shown as two numbers separated by a colon (:). These numbers indicate the factor by which objects on the map have been shrunk relative to the real world. For instance, a scale of 1:62,500 means that objects on the map are 1/62,500 as large as they are in reality.

What is the scale of the Waynesville Quadrangle map?

If you were to print out the Waynesville, OH map, you’d find that the total distance across the map from west to east is 45 cm.

How long is this distance in the real world? Give your answer km.

If you wanted a map that provided great detail, would you rather have a map with a scale of 1:6,000 or a map with a scale of 1:100,000? Explain your answer.

Many quadrangle maps are needed to cover a large area, and often it is useful to know the maps that are adjacent to the one you are looking at. The USGS (the government agency that makes the maps) has used two different methods to display this information. On some maps, the adjoining quadrangles are written along the boundaries and corners of the map. On some newer maps, a small inset diagram shows the layout and names of the surrounding quadrangles.

What quadrangle adjoins the Waynesville Quadrangle to the east?

What quadrangle adjoins it to the southwest?

Many other features of topographic maps can be simply read by studying the key or map itself:

When was the Waynesville Quadrangle made?

What state is the Waynesville Quadrangle in?

Within what part of this state is the Waynesville Quadrangle located? (i.e., “north”, “northeast”; “central”, etc.)

In which three counties does the Waynesville Quadrangle lie? (look on the map)

The feature that distinguishes a topographic map from other maps is the swarm of brown lines which are used to indicate elevation. These lines, called contour lines, depict the shape of the landscape.

To make the map easier to read, not all contour lines are labeled with their elevation. Normally every fifth contour line is labeled and is also printed a little darker than the others to make it stand out. These contour lines are called index contours. The elevation of contour lines between index contours must be inferred by counting up (or down) from an index contour using the contour interval.

The elevation of every point on a topographic map can be determined by studying the elevation of the nearby contour lines. This can sometimes be tricky. If a point actually lies on a contour line, then determining its elevation is easy–it’s just the elevation of the contour line. If, as is more typical, a point lies between two contour lines then its elevation must be inferred. When the surrounding contour lines are different (the usual case) the elevation of the point must be between these values. For example, a point lying between the 50 foot and 60 foot contour lines must be between 50 and 60 feet–say, 52 feet if the point is closer to the 50 foot contour, or 58 feet if it is closer to the 60 foot contour, or maybe even 55 feet if it is nearly in the middle.

Contour lines that form closed loops enclose eithers hills or depressions. In most cases they enclose a hill, or rise, since these are much more common features of the landscape. When the contours enclose a depression they will sometimes have little ‘tick-marks’ on them indicating the direction downhill.

What is the elevation of the intersection of Oglesby-Harris Rd. and Furnas-Oglesby Rd?

What is the elevation of Stonybrook Farm Lake, southwest of Waynesville?

Locate the depression just east of Corwin, to the east of Sun Ridge Drive. What is the elevation at the bottom?

Newdale, ID Map

Is the Newdale, ID quadrangle closer to Wyoming or Washington state?

How many degrees or minutes of latitude/longitude are spanned by the Newdale, ID topographic map?

What is the map scale?

What is the contour interval in feet?

Find the intersection of 5000N and Reed Parkinson Rd, and determine its elevation. Be as precise as you can.

Locate Chester Cemetary near the very top of the map, and determine its elevation. Be as precise as you can.

Find the intersection of Hog Hollow Rd. and N 2800 E. What is its elevation? Be as precise as you can.

Use the Law of V’s to determine the direction in which the Teton River is flowing (east or west). Make a sketch showing how you came to this conclusion. You will have to upload your sketch into the quiz.

Suppose you were driving west on State Route 33 and wanted to continue using topographic maps. What topographic map would you need when you left this one?

Jackson, WY Map

Suppose you wanted to climb Boyles Hill, located in the northern part of the map. Would it be easier to ascend the northern side or southern side (assuming steeper = harder)?

What is the approximate elevation of the town of Jackson?

Estimate the elevation of the very tip-top of Boyles Hill:

Suppose you were on the top of East Gros Ventre Butte and started hiking down to the south just south of the word “Butte”. Would your path be concave up or down? How can you tell?

Concave down Concave up

Calculate the gradient of the Snake River between S and S’, and Flat Creek between F and F’, by dividing the change in

elevation by the length of the stream (straight-line length, not including all the bends). Express your answer in ft/mile.

Distance S-S’: 11,700 feet

Distance F-F’: 8,700 feet

Snake River Flat Creek

Why do you think the Waynesville, OH, Newdale, ID, and Jackson, WY all have different contour intervals? How do the mapmakers decide on a contour interval?