Matusmoto, D., & Juang, L. (2017). Culture and psychology. 6 th ed. Belmont, MA

Open Posted By: surajrudrajnv33 Date: 25/02/2021 Graduate Report Writing


Prior writing any summary and critique of research article, consider the following:

It is a requirement to write concise summary of research article with attribution (giving credit to authors where the credit is due, in other words, writing with attribution means to clearly state whose research you summarizing and what is the year of publication, e.g., Smith (2017) claimed that ….. (p. 37). 

(See also Appendix A in Cozby & Bates [2017]). 

In your paper, you are concisely describing researchers’ work in a form of a summary and then you are adding a constructive critique of the work. For elements of critique, see Paul and Elder’s (2009, p. 18) or Paul and Elder’s (2019, pp. 32-33) sections about how to analyze research article or essay. Anytime you paraphrase or use direct quotations (“…..”), you will need to use page number (p. xy). 

For the purposes of today write-up, read the selected article, and then in concise way, in your first paragraph, explain what you plan to do in the rest of the paper. Then summarize the following:

From Introduction, select: 

What was the goal (aim, purpose) of the researcher’s or researchers’ work? (Remember, the article has authors who have names and the work was published in a specific year—be precise in this attribution.) What were the research question and/or hypothesis?

From Method, select:

How did the researchers go about accomplishing the research: Who were the participants (males/females, age range, any other demographical and socio-economic information)?

What kind of questionnaires, measures, scales, and/or inventories (include titles, names of authors and year of publication) did researchers use? (Attribute all pertinent information in text and in the list of References.) Is there any other technique researchers used in method section?

From Results, select:

What were the results of the study?

From Discussion, select:

How did the researchers interpret the results? What were the limitations of the study and suggestions for future research?


 For the purposes of this paper (and for other papers for Psych 201, 234, 338, and 436), constructively critique which part(s) of research article could be improved and how. Do not select more than two areas for improvement. If in doubt, look over Paul and Elder (2009, p. 18) or Paul and Elder (2019, pp. 32-33) about areas of research article that could be constructively critiqued. It would be sufficient to critique constructively one or two areas in a selected article.


List all sources you have used in-text in your paper.


Cozby, P. C., & Bates, S. C. (2017). Methods in behavioral research. 13th ed. New York, NY: McGraw Hill. [Can be found on BlackBoard.]

Paul, R., & Elder, L. (2009). The miniature guide for critical thinking: Critical thinking concepts and tools. Tomales, CA: The Foundation for Critical Thinking.

Paul, R., & Elder, L. (2019). The miniature guide for critical thinking: Critical thinking concepts and tools. 8th ed. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. The Foundation for Critical Thinking. 

Category: Mathematics & Physics Subjects: Algebra Deadline: 12 Hours Budget: $120 - $180 Pages: 2-3 Pages (Short Assignment)

Attachment 1

An Introduction to Culture and Psychology

Miloslava Kozmová, Ph.D.

Goals of Matsumoto and Juang’s (2017) work

Matsumoto and Juang (2017) underlying premise of work about cultural psychology as

a way to understand, appreciate, respect, and feel cultural diversity and its influence on human behavior

Matsumoto and Juang’s (2017) goals

Challenging the traditional knowledge acquired without taking into consideration influence of culture in psychological processes or behavior of groups and individuals

Seeking to raise questions about the traditional, mainstream knowledge of human behavior

Matsumoto and Juang’s (2013) goals

Wanting to know whether what we know of organizations, development, personality, emotions, communication, and many other aspects of human behavior is applicable to people of all cultural backgrounds

Matsumoto and Juang’s (2017) goals

Finding better ways (better then we have today) to understand the differences

Imparting the knowledge that science is evolving and knowledge is evolving with it

What is the challenge in our cross-cultural endeavor

Multicultural and diversifying environment brings with it opportunities for personal challenge and growth, yet

Increased potential for misunderstandings, confusion, and conflict within cultural diversity and intercultural relations

Goals of psychology

1. Build a body of knowledge about people: When the focus is solely on behavior, seeking to understand behavior, explain why it happen (motivations) and predict it; creating theories and conducting research

Yet, we cannot exclude what are people like internally, focus on their internal world

Goals of psychology

2. Taking the body of knowledge and applying it to intervene in people’s lives– with goal of improving lives and making them better:

Working as therapists, counselors, trainers, consultants

Cultural psychology and cross-cultural research

College students as research participants

Are there universal psychological processes?

Is what we know about people – about human behavior – true for all people, regardless gender, race, ethnicity, culture, class, or lifestyle? (p. 6, what is “universal”)

Assumptions—culture specific (p. 6)

Cross-cultural research

… scientific rigor, quality

… bound by frameworks of sciences

… testing of theories: confirmation or disconfirmation

… ways of understanding principles about human behavior within a global perspective

… testing possible limitations in our knowledge and universality of psychological theories and principles


… between cultural psychology and mainstream psychology:

Instead on focusing solely on phenomena, there is an interest in in understanding of cultural influences on behavior

Role of science

As scientists, we have duty and an obligation to ask questions about scientific process and about the nature of the truths [claims] we have learned [we make], or will learn [or will make] about human behavior

Inclusion of internal lives and psychological processes

Main claim:

practicing cultural psychology is an exercise in critical thinking

Our tasks is: Understanding psychology from a cultural perspective

Subjective elements of culture

Figure 1.4

Function of culture

adaptations to environments, situations produce behaviors, ways of living, ways of thinking, and ways of being

. . . they become content of culture

Defining culture

Ways of culture can be observed

“To achieve social order and coordination, and avoid chaos, we create rules of life, or systems of living, or ways of being” (Matsumoto and Juang, 2017, p. 13)

Definition of culture

Matsumoto and Juang (2017) define human culture (in their working definition) as

“a unique meaning and information system, shared by a group and transmitted across generations, that allows the group to meet basic needs of survival, pursue happiness and well-being, and derive meaning from life” (p. 15)

Contents of culture

1. Objective elements: architecture, clothes, foods, art, transportation system--physical, tangible, and important artifacts of culture

Contents of culture

2. Subjective elements:

Values-guiding principles in people’s lives (shared, abstract ideas – what is good, right, desirable)

pp. 22-23—values known in psychology

Contents of culture

Beliefs (social axioms) – assertions about the relations between two or more entities or concepts –guide behavior in daily living

Norms – generally accepted standards of behavior (e.g., control of one’s expressive behavior when emotional)

Rituals – culturally prescribed conduct, procedure, routine

Contents of culture

Attitudes – evaluations of “things” occurring in ongoing thoughts about “things,” or memories

Worldviews – culturally specific belief systems about worlds; contain attitudes, beliefs, opinions, and values about the world , assumptions about physical and social realities

How culture influences human behaviors and mental processes?

Culture as adaptation response to ecology, resources, and people

Enculturation—”the process by which individuals learn and adopt the ways and manners of their specific culture” (p. 27)

Situational context and individual differences

Etics and emics

Etics: processes consistent across different culture-universal psychological processes

Emics: processes that are different across cultures-culture specific processes


Need for respect, need to belong

Someone to share life with

Worries about social image

Feeling good about ourselves

“Why Does This Matter to Me?”