Avoiding Plagiarism Dr. Almala and Dr. Pirim
IGlobal Policy Re: Plagiarism
“Upholding academic honesty is primarily the responsibility of each learner and IGU views any violation of academic probity (cheating, plagiarism, falsification, etc.) as a voluntary act for which there is no acceptable excuse.”
IGlobal Policy Re: Plagiarism--Continued
Violations to the Code of Conduct can ultimately lead to the improper evaluation of assessment tasks leading to unjust attribution of grades or course status. Therefore, it is integral to monitor and evaluate any allegation of academic misconduct. Forms of violation can include, but are not limited to the following:
– Unauthorized use of material or improper collaboration – Intended or unintended plagiarism – Submissions of the same work for multiple courses
– Falsifying, purchasing or altering the work of others or representing others’ materials as one’s own work
– Unauthorized access to or the theft of the work of others
Expressing, restating or summarizing another author’s thoughts and ideas in your own words
A restatement of a text or passage giving the meaning in another form, as for clearness ~ dictionary.com
or to paraphrase Dictionary.com:
How to Paraphrase
• Identify the thought or idea within the author’s text that you wish to emphasize
• Use your own words to express that thought or idea
• Cite the author, regardless if it is quoted or not
Referencing • Reference the author and work whenever you
paraphrase or quote
• In-text citation – Author and year eg,. . . (Smith, 2007)
• Full reference in List of References
• Forms of referencing
– Chicago – APA – MLA
The willful use of another person’s words as your own.
The unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work ~ dictionary.com
or, to paraphrase,
Is the author really attempting to avoid doing original research (i.e. cheating), or
is he/she just not skilled in English?
According to George Ross (University of Leeds,2003), the operative word is
Crime vs Bad Practice1 from Ross, G.M. (2003), Plagiarism in philosophy: prevention better than cure, (publication
• Failure to make rules clear • Over-assessment
• Bunching assignments
• Setting impossible tasks
• Antagonistic course culture
• Making cheating easy
Ross: Preventing Plagiarism
George MacDonald Ross
Ross Presentation at Plagiarism Conference
http://www.plagiarismconference.com/images/conferenceimages/029_P16 MacDonald Ross.pps
Plagiarism Detection Software Review
• The survey identified the main sources of plagiarized material encountered by academics as coming from textbooks and theses. Work cut and pasted from the Internet was ranked second as a source.
• The most common trigger that arouses academics' suspicions of plagiarism in assignments is a change of writing style within text and differences in syntactic structure and in the use of terminology.
• Most academics do not use any dedicated electronic detection software or services, although most responded that they are aware of electronic detection software/services.
• It was noted that there is not a single service or software tool that will detect all sources of plagiarized material encountered by academics. These comprise works derived from electronic discussion boards and those taken from conventional paper based books and theses.
Bull, J., Collilns, C., Sharp, D., (2006), Technical Review of Plagiarism: Detection Software Report, Computer Assisted Assessment Centre Teaching and Learning Directorate, University of Luton, Park Square, Luton, Bedfordshire, LU1 3JU.
- PowerPoint Presentation
- IGlobal Policy Re: Plagiarism
- IGlobal Policy Re: Plagiarism--Continued
- How to Paraphrase
- Slide 8
- Slide 9
- Crime vs Bad Practice1 from Ross, G.M. (2003), Plagiarism in philosophy: prevention better than cure, (publication unknown)
- Ross: Preventing Plagiarism
- Plagiarism Detection Software Review